In 1998 McEwan won the Man Booker Prize with Amsterdam. His works include The Cement Garden (1978) and Enduring Love (1997), which was made into a film. On the other hand, another significant transitional figure between Victorians and modernists, the late-19th-century novelist, Henry James (1843–1916), continued to publish major works into the 20th century. Our editors update and regularly refine this enormous body of information to bring you reliable information. George Orwell, Nineteen Eighty-Four. American literature--20th century--History and criticism. E.M. Forster is one of the most celebrated British novelists of the 20th century. Known for: writer, journalist, Pulitzer Prize winner. Another admired Canadian novelist and poet is Michael Ondaatje, who was born in Sri Lanka. Martin Amis (born 1949) is one of the most prominent of contemporary British novelists. Following close on the heels of Oxford's A Reader's Guide to Twentieth-Century Writers [RBB S 1 96] and A Reader's Guide to the Twentieth-Century Novel (1995), and only two years after the appearance of The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Poetry in English [RBB Ap 15 94], this latest addition to the Oxford Companion series obviously explores much of the same territory as those works. The movement was influenced by the ideas of Charles Darwin (1809–1882), Ernst Mach (1838–1916), Henri Bergson (1859–1941), Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900), James G. Frazer (1854–1941), Karl Marx (1818–1883) (Das Kapital, 1867), and the psychoanalytic theories of Sigmund Freud(1856–19… Scottish writer Muriel Spark pushed the boundaries of realism in her novels. English novelist and screenwriter Ian McEwan (born 1948) is another of contemporary Britain's most highly regarded writers. McEwan was awarded the Jerusalem Prize in 2011. CEOE English: English Literature in the 20th Century - Chapter Summary.  Set during one day in Dublin, in it Joyce creates parallels with Homer's epic poem the Odyssey. He is among the Best Poets of the 20th century, and, surely, among the most prominent 20th century writers. Need a reference? Smith, Stan (2004).  Joe Orton's dramatic debut in 1963 was the radio play The Ruffian on the Stair, which was broadcast on 31 August 1964. The somewhat malleable term of contemporary literature is usually applied with a post-1960 cut off point. Modernism (Literature)--United States. The Scarlet Pimpernel became a favourite of London audiences, playing more than 2,000 performances and becoming one of the most popular shows staged in England to that date. Two significant contemporary Irish novelists are John Banville (born 1945) and Colm Tóibín (born 1955). English literature: The Early Twentieth Century Irish drama flowered in the early 20th cent., largely under the aegis of the Abbey Theatre in Dublin (see Irish literary renaissance). The novelist Georgette Heyer created the historical romance genre. T. S. Eliot had begun this attempt to revive poetic drama with Sweeney Agonistes in 1932, and this was followed by The Rock (1934), Murder in the Cathedral (1935) and Family Reunion (1939). In the entirely different genre of Gothic fantasy Mervyn Peake (1911–68) published his highly successful Gormenghast trilogy between 1946 and 1959. Poets most closely associated with it are Craig Raine and Christopher Reid. (shelved 6 times as 20th-century-british-literature) avg rating … Authors, American--20th century--Biography. Similarly William Faulkner continued to publish until the 1950s and was awarded a Nobel Prize in 1949. 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