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Any malformation or abnormal formation in the structure of the heart at birth causes congenital heart disease. Cardiovascular disease, any of the diseases, whether congenital or acquired, of the heart and blood vessels. 6/26/2009 3 Common Diseases of the Cardiovascular System • Hypertension Treatment ... Common Diseases of the Cardiovascular System • Coronary Artery Disease – Progressive narrowing of vessels may lead to ischemia of the heart muscle and peripheral artery disease. These clots sometimes are dislodged and they move higher up to the lung or heart which leads to life threatening consequences. Cardiovascular disease is the term for all types of diseases that affect the heart or blood vessels, including . Listed below are some of the heart diseases-. Atherosclerosis causes the narrowing and the hardening of the arteries of the heart by The heart is unable to provide blood to the blood vessels to circulate to the entire body. There are many types, including coronary artery disease, angina, and heart failure. So, we aimed to study the association between opium use and CVDs. Related journals of Cardiovascular Diseases Blood flow to the heart, brain or body can be reduced as the result of a blood clot (thrombosis), or by a build-up of fatty deposits inside an artery that cause the artery to harden and narrow (atherosclerosis). The following six types of cardiovascular disease are highlighted below: Ischemic heart disease is the most common type of cardiovascular disease in Canada and other industrialized countries around the world. In fact, obesity is an independent risk factor for CVD, and CVD risks have also been documented in obese children. Cardiovascular diseases are a major cause of health problems and death in countries worldwide. prone to heart diseases. trailer <]>> startxref 0 %%EOF 367 0 obj <>stream levels, and heart rhythm disorders are some of the factors that result in CVA or stroke. coronary . Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) – A general term referring to conditions affecting the heart (cardio) and blood vessels (vascular system). Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the developed as well as in the developing world. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in China. 0000002961 00000 n Factors that lead to such a heart disease are a long surgery, obesity, trauma, cancers, use of oral contraceptive, and recent child birth. 349 0 obj <> endobj xref 349 19 0000000016 00000 n Cardiovascular disease, including stroke, is the leading cause of illness and death in the United States. 0000002255 00000 n Factors that lead to such a heart disease are high blood cholesterol, use of tobacco, high blood pressure, diabetes, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet and age. Treatment for heart disease includes lifestyle changes, medication, and possibly surgery. and . The latter category includes CVDs that affect the vascular system of human body. Abstract. Cardiovascular diseases are of many types and are not restricted to only one, as is considered by popular belief. ��� JF It occurs when the arteries supplying blood to the heart narrow or harden from the build-up of plaque. This disease affects the blood vessels that supplies Oxygen to the heart muscle. 1 1 2 2 2. This disease may be inherited or caused due to some other factor. Heart (cardiovascular) disease (CVD, heart disease) is a variety of types of conditions that affect the heart, for example, coronary or valvular heart disease; cardiomyopathy, arrhythmias, and heart infections. Age, heredity, diabetes are factors that may not be controlled and make people Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a general term for conditions affecting the heart or blood vessels. 1 in 3 deaths. 0000007639 00000 n Cardiovascular diseases are also popularly known as heart diseases. Types of Cardiovascular Disease Coronary Heart Disease. This may be caused due to rupture or blockage of a blood vessel in the brain. Types of Cardiovascular Diseases. Cerebrovascular accident or CVA has another popular name, called Stroke. Sometimes a blood vessel may even burst resulting in effects that will be long lasting. In this type of a heart disease the veins in the legs form blood clots and give rise to tremendous pain and infirmity. 0000006784 00000 n Plaque is made up … :D�Ż%^�f�S�O@�`� ^G���M�B��v�V@ �1qOo��M����CL��D���Kf�~ᚿ��ޝmg��/�C�B[\����V��w����} These include blood vessel diseases, arrhythmias, heart defects, Heart valve disease and Heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy). Certain factors that lead to cardiovascular diseases cannot be voluntarily controlled by a person whereas some may be. heart attack or alcohol consumption, or because of cardiomyopathy (heart muscle disease) it may result in a heart failure. 1 Introduction. May also simply be called heart disease. %PDF-1.4 %���� Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels. This is a surgical procedure whereby For example, it is estimated that over the next 10 years (2006-2015), China will lose $558 billion in foregone national income due to the combination of heart disease, stroke and diabetes. Cardiovascular diseases are also known as CVDs. It occurs when plaque builds up in the heart’s arteries, a condition called atherosclerosis. 0000001879 00000 n → CVD, Stroke, Myocardial Infraction risk calculator, Cardiovascular diseases are of many types and are not restricted to only one, as is considered by popular belief. Number of deaths globally per year from different types of CVD, by age Highest numbers shown 2002 0–4 years 5–14 15–29 30–44 45–59 60–69 70–79 80+ years coronary heart disease stroke other cardiovascular diseases hypertensive heart disease inflammatory heart disease Sometimes this may also lead to abnormal heart rhythm. 0000007969 00000 n → Click here for cardiovascular risk assessment calculator, → CVD, Stroke, Myocardial Infraction risk calculator. This disease affects the blood vessels that supplies Oxygen to the heart muscle. Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in adult Canadian men and women. The following article gives a comprehensive list about the different types of cardiovascular diseases, their causes, symptoms, prognosis, and treatment. Deaths from cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and advancing age. Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is the most common form of heart disease. The relationship between decreasing cardiovascular disease risk factors and the improvement in cardiovascular disease outcomes is well established, and current guidelines recommend an aggressive reduction in these risks in order to prevent major cardiovascular accidents.1 The pharmacist may play a relevant role in primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases. CVD includes coronary artery diseases (CAD) such as angina and myocardial infarction (commonly known as a heart attack). This heart problem again rises after many years. WOMEN OF COLOR HEALTH INFORMATION COLLECTION • CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE • 5. ��bwR�t���M)������fw�be(Q�B�-`�1E�c���L寧�`]I6Z�"�D�5ʥ� In this article, learn about the different types, how to recognize the symptoms, and what treatment to expect. There are many types of cardiovascular diseases that may affect a person. jø�rV��ܹ�U6~-_���+(��6h u���;(v�_#���%�"� v}�P ��дk�M�gF��L#\�L_;LE�˧����C#�ʟ; , ��� �^�Z�ks�� �f3*�RLco��"�e�(�iߒ����R����B챬o�Q�B����U6yeyl����P�Ey�X�������nZ��&6�6XRF1\��!�;�>�F�5�ʦ��7@b���'h`��S-d������4h� ���������{p�(]���`�P�l�-�k�E�k# 7E���φ,%� ,��-����k�,x� G�Q � corrected immediately. Any disease of the heart or its blood vessels (arteries, veins, capillaries) that affect the functioning of its blood circulatory system that in turn affects another body part CHAPTER 1 Cardiovascular disease overview As the largest single cause of death on the planet,3 cardiovascular disease (CVD) in all its forms is an important and life or death matter. Cardiovascular Disease and Circulatory Disorders: Prevalence, Utilization, and Payments. 0000001736 00000 n This is a heart disease in which the heart abnormally enlarges or thickens and/or becomes rigid. 0000013211 00000 n Types of cardiovascular diseases. Cardiovascular Disease. The seven leading causes of death of women over age 18 in the United States are heart disease, cancer, stroke, chronic lower respiratory disease, Alzheimer’s disease, unintentional injuries, and diabetes mellitus. CVD is not a single disease, but a cluster of diseases and injuries that affect the cardiovascular … It’s usually associated with a build-up of fatty deposits inside the arteries – known as Atherosclerosis – and an increased risk of blood clots. Smoking, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet causing high blood pressure and cholesterol are regarded as risk factors that maybe voluntarily controlled. Per Gustavsson, in Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals (Fourth Edition), 2015. If the heart muscles are damaged due to a Cardiovascular Disease. This type of a heart disease starts at childhood as a bacterial infection caused by streptococcal bacteria during rheumatic fever which affects the heart valves and the joints. Learn more about the different types of cardiovascular diseases… Cardiovascular Disease, or CVD for short, involves Coronary Heart Disease or disorders of the arteries (Arteriosclerosis, including solidification of the arteries), Heart Attack (Myocardial Infarction), Arrhythmias, Congestive Heart Disease, Stroke, High Blood Pressure (Hypertension), Rheumatic Heart disorder and other dysfunctions of the cardiovascular system. LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH IN FEMALES. 0000013310 00000 n This is another type of a heart disease. 0000000676 00000 n heart disease (clogged arteries), which can cause heart attacks, stroke, congenital heart defects. It can also be associated with damage to arteries in organs such as the brain, heart, kidneys, and eyes. �]��BQ���@кy���Y1�r��_������ Cardiovascular Diseases (Heart Diseases) are the range of diseases that affect the structure or functioning of heart and blood vessels. Pregnant women taking drugs, 0000002877 00000 n Cardiovascular diseases place a heavy burden on the economies of countries. It is associated with numerous comorbidities such as cardiovascular diseases (CVD), type 2 diabetes, hypertension, certain cancers, and sleep apnea/sleep-disordered breathing. To develop effective and timely strategies to cope with the challenges of CVD epidemics, we need to understand the current epidemiological features of the major types of CVD and the implications of these features for the prevention and treatment of CVD. This causes the heart muscle’s inability to pump blood causing heart failure. A complete blockage that or alcohol, or poor diet which causes deficiency of vital nutrients may cause such a disease to a baby. 1 The term “heart disease” refers to several types of heart conditions. Cardiovascular diseases include conditions that affect the structures or function of your heart or blood vessels. �cLjs��e׈$�v�����|��Ђt�n��G����[��^9�0V��'�{�Bց0 Types of Cardiovascular Diseases 2. Effect of opium consumption on cardiovascular diseases – a cross- sectional study based on data of Rafsanjan cohort study. The bacterial infections affect the inner tissues of the heart which includes the valves (endocarditis) and the outer tissues that overlie the heart (pericarditis). PDF | Purpose of review: This review summarizes recent developments in nutrition and cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention. 0000007254 00000 n The blood vessels are known as coronary blood vessels. The types of cardiovascular diseases that an individual may suffer from can be categorized into two groups – heart-related disease and vascular diseases. Other kinds of heart disease may involve the valves in the heart, or the heart may not This disease is the most common type of illness that causes majority of deaths around the world. 0000001835 00000 n In this case, the blood circulation through the arteries in the arms and legs (primarily in the latter) are affected. Advancing age, diabetes, high blood pressure and cholesterol Common cardiac diseases include the following: Angina Another relatively common operation for patients treated for cardiovascular diseases was a bypass anasto- mosis for heart revascularisation — also referred to as a heart bypass. – Stress and type A personality. Symptoms of heart disease include chest pain, sweating, nausea, and shortness of breath. Cardiovascular disease affects the heart and blood vessels. forming plaques and plugs. These valves often That’s one in every four deaths in this country. New Hampshire, CY2005 iii Office of Medicaid Business and Policy, NH Department of Health and Human Services, June 2008 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This study evaluated cardiovascular diseases and other circulatory disorders in adults age 19 and older. Cardiovascular Diseases. Types of NCDs • Cardiovascular disease (e.g., Coronary heart disease, Stroke) • Cancer • Chronic respiratory disease • Diabetes • Chronic neurologic disorders (e.g., Alzheimer’s , dementias) • Arthritis/Musculoskeletal diseases • Unintentional injuries (e.g., from traffic crashes) 0000001602 00000 n In this type of a heart disease the function of the heart to pump blood to the rest of the body is affected. → Click here for cardiovascular risk assessment calculator Types of cardiovascular diseases 1. CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE: A COSTLY BURDEN FOR AMERICA PROJECTIONS THROUGH 2035 america r ssociatio CVD B Rrt ... disease, coronary heart disease is the most common type of heart disease. 0000010518 00000 n In this case, the supply of blood to a part of the brain is damaged. This heart disease includes abnormal valves, holes in the heart, or abnormal heart chambers sometimes leading to death unless surgically Heart disease is a major cause of death. This results in lack of oxygenated blood (ischemia) which results in symptoms such as angina (chest pain) and dyspnea (shortness of breath). 600,000 Americans die of heart disease each year. The term cardiovascular disease refers to any disorder of the heart and blood vessels, including hypertension, coronary artery disease (CAD), cardiac dysrhythmias, cerebrovascular disease, valvular heart disease, cardiomyopathies, peripheral vascular disease, and congenital cardiac abnormalities. Patients who are affected by this heart disease complain of pain in the calve muscles while walking. 0000002914 00000 n ~��|Y�e��R�TݹӸ����Og��u� �|�A��`���]]�O�dg3��˟ uG�}��"����. Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death, not only in the United States, but the world over, including third world countries. 0000002091 00000 n [���>����Li2[��z���t�^�2�5�I)����J���,h)�q��K*�udK.E�� LXU3�,H��2�|�����c,�VN�V!j� D���Ãp^/n˪ΖJ�[r�� is*�V��rS� endstream endobj 350 0 obj > endobj 351 0 obj <> endobj 352 0 obj <> endobj 353 0 obj <> endobj 354 0 obj <>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI]/ExtGState<>>> endobj 355 0 obj <> endobj 356 0 obj [/ICCBased 364 0 R] endobj 357 0 obj [/Indexed 356 0 R 15 365 0 R] endobj 358 0 obj <>stream Listed below are some of the heart diseases-1. like brain, kidney, or other body parts, is known as a cardiovascular disease. 0000008072 00000 n Coronary heart disease. There are differences of opinion about the beneficial or detrimental effects of opium consumption on cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Learn more about the types and treatments for different cardiovascular diseases. Introduction. The big umbrella . may have long term effects is known as cerebrovascular thrombosis or clot or accident or stroke. Tìm kiếm 8 types of cardiovascular diseases , 8 types of cardiovascular diseases tại 123doc - Thư viện trực tuyến hàng đầu Việt Nam have to be replaced by operation. There are many reasons for such an illness. The most common type is coronary artery disease, which can cause heart attack. �z��Õ{�,a�I�eh?�)'d���K~�Y%~�b��خ�V:�j�Le����-K\���-,`������|��eC���%&$΢�]�d�؏��"$�"�q o7&�2-̽h�}�֛�7の�b���6�n��"=p����ċz1�%Mlg�b5=*�0�N!�@~jJ-ʞry*k��R\dSx�!v��m�*P�^T벑��u9�߱z�. Examples include coronary artery disease, valve disease, arrhythmia, peripheral vascular disease, congenital heart defects, hypertension, and cardiomyopathy. 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