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What’s more, the country is in a great location for coffee production: it sits close to the equator, and its mountains can reach over 2,000 m.a.s.l. For this article we’ll break them down into 4 main areas. THE CARIBBEAN REGION The coastal area and vast inland savannas which are situated between the Caribbean and the northernmost spines of the Andes are gently rolling in nature. Coffee blooms in March, just as the wet season approaches, and is harvested in October/November, as it ends. How Much Does It Cost a Farmer to Plant a Basic Plot? A high-acidity Nariño is not the same as a full-bodied Santander. Towns like Salento, Pijao, and Filandia still retain the same colonial air of yesteryear, when coffee farmers brought their product to market along old country roads. This makes the average farm size much smaller than in other areas of the country. According to TomaCafe’s research, 47% of the beverages we take per day are coffee. We, however, love to highlight the best flavors of every coffee we find, and our Colombian is no different. More information can be found at Coffee Planet. Discover the lush vegetation and enticing aromas of Colombia’s renowned coffee plantation on a full-day coffee tour from Medellin. Those names are the names of the department, which is the state or province. Departments: Santander, Magdalena, Cesar. Therefore, certain regions produce coffee with more body or more acidity, while in another region coffee may be sweeter or fruity. Sierra Nevada – often nutty with chocolate notes, this area has many indigenous groups that use naturally organic methods. Webster Griffin, Antioquia is the second-biggest producing region in Colombia, and Tolima the third, making these two zones a large and well-known area. Colombia’s coffee country covers vast regions of Andes Mountain Range farming landscapes, where scenic coffee farms set on misty slopes and nestled within lush foothills generously produce smooth bodied brews. High-altitude coffees are often the most sought-after Colombian crops. Colombia. In 2010, Colombia produced 8.9 million 60-kilo bags of green coffee, which represents the first stage of coffee production. Want to read more articles like this? In the north of Colombia, you’ll find the coffee-producing sub-regions of Santander, Norte de Santander, La Guajira, Magdalena, and Cesar. Santander – it is thought that coffee arrived in Colombia through Santander. Colombia’s coffee region spans across several of the country’s provinces and comprises an area of nearly 350,000 hectares. Coffee Beans From Colombia. According to the Colombian Coffee Growers Federation, the Colombian coffee association, coffee provides 800,000 direct jobs across the country, positively impacting 563,000 families as well as the economy. What are the Main Coffee Growing Regions in Colombia? typica) and Bourbon (Coffea arabica var. The coffee region and Medellin are charming and very dynamic areas, made up of a variety of coffee and flower plantations. On the other hand, within the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountain range and the Santander and Norte de Santander regions, crops are more exposed to solar radiation. Typically Available: From July/August & January/February With the exception of Belize, Central America as a whole is a large contributor to the global coffee supply, and along with its southerly neighbor Colombia, coffee from this region of the world is what has most informed the North American coffee-drinking preferences and habits. The high mountain slopes of Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. Coffee is the world’s most-traded commodity after oil and with over half a million growers in the country, Colombia is one of the largest producers. In 1994, the National Federation of Coffee Growers of Colombia opened a coffee-themed park called National Coffee Park. TN6 2JD
 United Kingdom, Forward vs Spot Coffee Buying: The Pros & Cons. The coffee region of Colombia. To find out more about regions and why coffee varies in each area, read 3 Reasons Why you Should Care About Coffee Growing Regions. Coffee often has chocolate notes. As a result, producers tend to use more shade. It’s a region particularly associated with quality: coffees are known for their higher acidity and distinctive cup profiles. Credit: Angie Molina. Departments: Antioquia, Caldas, Chocó, Risaralda, Quindío, Cundinamarca, and North of Tolima. This creates a better environment for growing coffee; it’s no coincidence that Cauca and Nariño are well-known origins. Juan Carlos says that Colombia is also fortunate to have the Andes mountain range. October-February and April-June. Spent a bit of time in Colombia's beautiful coffee region. In the central north and central south zones of Colombia lie the regions of South of Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Chocó, Risaralda, Quindío, North of Valle del Cauca, Cundinamarca, and North of Tolima. Sign up to our newsletter! Colombian Coffee influences positively on the performance of our sportsmen. Our final Colombian coffee-producing zone is much smaller. Coffee production in Colombia has a reputation as producing mild, well-balanced coffee beans. Butter Coffee: What Is It & Why Do People Drink It? It includes just the regions of Arauca, Casanare, Meta, and Caquetá. There are 22 distinct coffee growing regions in Colombia, which are divided into three main groups: Northern : Traces of chocolate and nut flavor. Five natural geographic regions can be distinguished in Colombia for their particular physical and climatic characteristics, and the composition of their soils and vegetation:. Let’s explore Colombia’s five coffee-growing zones in depth. We’ll go into more details about that in just a moment. In the Central North zone, they have a main harvest season from October to December, at the end of the second wet season. With a total combined area of 13,873 square kilometers, these departments are among the smallest areas in Colombia, covering only about 1.2% of its land. coffee regions 100% Arabica coffee produced in Colombia requires specific climatic conditions for its production. A long history of successful coffee growing traditions in Colombia has helped make Colombian coffee famous around the world. On the other hand, Gloria Inés Puerta, MSc in Coffee Processing and Quality Control and Research Scientist at Cenicafé, tells me that some of the biggest differences in flavour profiles come from differences in varieties, production and processing methods, and brewing styles. Credit: Jon Allen for Onyx Coffee Lab, SEE ALSO: Colombia Has a New Goal: Sustainable Coffee by 2027. Within these, buyers will mainly find the Caturra, Maragogype, Tabi, Typica, Bourbon, Castillo, and Colombia varieties. Coffee has been cultivated in Colombia since the early 1800s and today the country produces about 12% of the world's coffee, exceeded only by Brazil and Vietnam. In the north of Colombia, you’ll find the coffee-producing sub-regions of Santander, Norte de Santander, La Guajira, Magdalena, and Cesar. A Guide to Colombia’s Coffee Region. Each region produces coffee that has different profiles. This can affect both the flavour of the final cup and how heat is transferred during roasting. 9,300,000. Most of the coffee harvest is produced in the central and southern areas, while the main areas for organic production are the north and the south where the soil is naturally favourable to coffee farming. Juan Carlos tells me that the dry season lasts from June to September, followed by the appearance of coffee blossoms. At night the temperature lowers, associated with relatively high altitudes, slow how fast the coffee beans ripen. As of 2018, Colombian coffee prices are at a 12 year low and coffee producers are calling on large brands like Nestle and Starbucks to step up and help out. The two periods are equally sizeable. If you are looking for coffee beans from Colombia, then you've come to the right place. Not only are Nariño and Huila huge producers, but they’re also common origins within the specialty industry. This is a large country filled with diverse landscapes, from rainforests to mountaintops, two coastlines, and everything in between. However, not all Colombian beans are the same. And by understanding the differences between the coffee-growing regions, you can ensure you always get the best Colombian coffee for your needs. This leads to two harvest seasons. Credit: Angie Molina. We arrived during the anniversary of the towns founding. To sample the delicate flavor of this variety, try Peet’s Coffee & Tea Ethiopian Fancyto sip f… How Does Green Coffee Become Contaminated? Our top 2 levels qualify for our Farm Gate pricing program, although the 2-Star is also part of our transparent price system, and well above Fair Trade Colombia’s 22 coffee growing regions can be divided into the northern, central and southern ones. Spanish Version: Una Guía De las Regiones de Café de Colombia, On a Colombian coffee farm in Planadas, Tolima. And yes, it is possible to slurp coffee and detect what particular area of a particular country it’s from. When we talk about coffee, we talk about regions. Sign up for our free newsletter! Please note: This article has been sponsored by the Colombian Coffee Growers Federation. Few places are more well-known for their coffee than Colombia, the land of Juan Valdez. Unfortunately, many of these great coffees have historically been roasted super dark, destroying much of their flavor. Colombia can seem, at first glance, a more homogenous country than others. Just write to us at courses@latinamericancoffeeacademy.org. Characterized by its huge coffee plantations with snowcapped summits in the background, the ‘Eje Cafetero’ gathers the departments of Quindio, Risalda and Caldas. Cafe La Vieja Escuela treats coffee as more than just a drink, but an experience as well – with their locally produced coffee, expert baristas, and variety of brewing methods, La Vieja Escuela is definitely an amazing coffee experience. 5,500 producers grow coffee across 10,500 ha of land. 3. Want to receive the latest coffee news and educational resources? Weekly Extraction: Observations from Origin - Introduction, A Coffee Buyer’s Guide to Huila, Colombia, A Roaster’s Guide to The Coffee-Producing Regions of Colombia, Too many pest-damaged cherries in a lot and the coffee will not be considered. With the harvest also extending until December in central Colombia, roasters can offer their customers Colombian coffees for much of the year. Perfect Daily Grind » A Roaster’s Guide to The Coffee-Producing Regions of Colombia. https://www.kimkim.com/c/ultimate-guide-to-colombias-coffee-country 3 Reasons Why you Should Care About Coffee Growing Regions, Huila Received Denomination of Origin in 2013. Less acidity, more body. People I speak to who are traveling or have traveled through Colombia always rave about the Coffee Region.The fertile triangle that sits between Medellín, Bogotá and Cali never disappoints travelers due to its rural charm, beautiful sprawling mountains, and of course – the delicious coffee around every corner. Credit: Angie Molina. Colombia's average annual coffee production of 11.5 million bags is the third … North. Departments: Arauca, Casanare, Meta, and Caquetá. Although it is a product of the tropical zone, its cultivation also requires special soil conditions, temperature, atmospheric precipitation and a certain altitude above sea level. coffee regions 100% Arabica coffee produced in Colombia requires specific climatic conditions for its production. How Has Covid-19 Changed Office Coffee Consumption? Read on to discover what I learned. Colombia’s vast coffee industry offers a range of distinctive and freshly harvested coffees throughout the year. Even if you weren't there during this fiesta, Jardin would still be a worthwhile stop. The Central Region of Colombia is known as “MAM”. Colombia's coffee region is possibly the country's most iconic region and home to some of the country's most beautiful cities and towns. With a crisp and acidic taste, Colombian beans have a … Colombia is another very famous coffee producing country. What are coffee-growing regions? Don´t forget to SUSCRIBE !! 2018. For the active traveler, you’ll find easy access to hiking, paragliding, biking, kayaking, rock climbing, or horseback riding from Medellin and its surrounding coffee towns. Like in the North Zone, there is only one wet and one dry season. regions defined by the borders of a particular country, or. © Copyright - OceanWP Theme developed by Latin American Coffee Academy. Typical Harvest Times: March-June; September-December. Right, now let’s look at some of the most popular coffee towns in Colombia that will give you the most valuable experience. Coffee region, Colombia: Coffee Cultural Landscape! Conditions such as altitude, climate, soil, and processing traditions change the tastes you get in the cup. Facts about this region: Just 5,500 producers grow coffee on about 10,500 ha of land. That’s a lot of regions to go over. Characterized by its huge coffee plantations with snowcapped summits in the background, the ‘Eje Cafetero’ gathers the departments of Quindio, Risalda and Caldas. Coffee plant varietals cultivated include the old Arabica varietals Typica (Coffea arabica var. Facts about this … Where is the Colombian Coffee Region Located? 62,500 producers grow coffee on 129,500 ha of land, according to Juan Carlos. 62,500 producers grow coffee on 129,500 ha of land, according to Juan Carlos. East Sussex 2. Juan Carlos tells me that there are 914,000 ha of coffee farms across 5 main zones and 19 sub-regions of Colombia. Most of the coffee harvest is produced in the central and southern areas, while the main areas for organic production are the north and the south where the soil is naturally favourable to coffee farming. Why the coffee is different: In general, there’s a similar climate and results in the cup as the northern region. The water sources from here flow into the country’s drainage basins, including large ones in the Cauca, Magdalena, and Nariño Departments. 1. It is famous for growing and producing the majority of Colombian coffee, considered by many to be the best coffee in the world. If you´re in the beautiful country of Colombia and you´re planning to visit the coffee region, this is the video for you, … Within the South Zone, 211,000 producers grow coffee across 282,000 ha of land. Some names you’ll frequently see are: Quindío, Cundinamarca, Tolima, Nariño, Huila, Santander, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Antioquia. In Colombia there are 5 main coffee growing areas and 19 sub-regions. I wanted to find out more about Colombia’s producing regions, so I spoke with Juan Carlos Garcia Lopez, an agronomist who works in the Colombian Coffee Growers Federation’s national research centre, Cenicafé. You can talk about regions in different ways: Depending on the roaster you’re purchasing coffee from, they may mark the bags of coffee with the name of the region. It’s a region particularly associated with quality, producing higher quality coffees that are known for their impressive acidity. In Central and South America, coffee growing regions like Guatemala and Colombia have the rugged landscapes and rich volcanic soil favorable to growing coffee. What’s more, according to the Colombian Coffee Growers Federation, above 9º north coffee is grown in similar conditions to Central America: lower latitudes and higher temperatures. However, most of these are in the Central North region: the Central South zone is home to just 28,500 producers. It is a city that attracts many tourists thanks to its mountains, vegetation, architecture, 22°C climate, parks and museums. Coffee grows under shade. If you are in Colombia, this is definitely a place to visit. Coffee cherries at a farm in Nariño, Colombia. These regions, the Colombian Coffee Growers Federation reports, produce coffees with less acidity but more body. This crop was valued at US$2.3 billion. The Colombian Coffee Growing Axis can be found in the Paisa Region. Medellin is Colombia's second biggest city and the metropolis is very well developed. The region suffered from conflict in the past, and coffee production here is now a high priority in terms of support. These surrounding, charming historic towns were the first to grow coffee in Colombia and are situated in breathtaking mountainous ranges, such as the Cerro Bravo at Oro Molido Coffee Farm. Colombia's Coffee Region is dotted with small pueblos where life has changed little over the past century. They are also focused on helping farmers to increase their farm size. For this article we’ll break them down into 4 main areas. He continues to explain that climatically the east of the country is similar to the north. Stepped off the bus onto a bustling full plaza full of horses, cowboys/girls, music, and aguardiente. In fact, Huila received Denomination of Origin in 2013. Coffee flowers blossom on the same branch as coffee cherries, a common sight in Colombia and a symptom of biannual harvests. Do you have questions about coffee growing regions in Colombia? Pereira is known as the capital, and if you’re traveling to Colombia’s coffee region from Medellin, then Pereira is … Contact us – we’d love to hear from you. The region is home to picturesque landscapes, diverse plant and animal life, as well as a number of cultural and educational attractions. The regions that produce coffee are highly regarded for their quality and are often marketed specifically. With a great deal of variety in flavor across regions in this country, it is hard to list one profile of notes for this country. The Central South zone has similar harvest periods: May to June and October to November. Credit: Lente Latinoamericano. But no matter where it’s grown, Colombian coffee will always be in demand. Even within growing regions, there are many variations due to the microclimates created by the mountainous terrain, wind patterns, proximity to the Equator and the various processing techniques. That’s a lot of regions to go over. The Colombian Coffee Region has a long history of producing some of the best coffee in the world. Colombian coffees are most often what folks think of with South America, and rightfully so: The country is routinely listed among the top three coffee-producing countries in the world. As some of the finest coffee beans on the planet, Colombian coffee is extremely balanced with a great body. Farningham Road, The most visited cities are Manizales, Armenia, Pereira, and Ibagué. Its geographical location gives it a strong advantage in growing high-quality Arabica beans using traditional methods. The great majority of Colombians take 2.5 to 3 cups of coffee a day in average keeping it always warm and fresh. The south of Colombia sits closer to the equator, and coffee is grown at higher altitudes. (After all, Guatemala and Honduras are much closer to the States than any African coffee-growing region is, and it's easier for us to buy from them than t… Crowborough, However, like all coffee-producing regions, Colombia is currently facing variations caused by climate change. The Colombian Coffee Triangle, also known as the Coffee Zone or Coffee Belt, consists of three Colombian departments: Caldas, Risaralda and Quindio. Typica, Bourbon, Tabi, Caturra, Colombia, Maragogype, Castillo (among others) Key Coffee Regions: Nariño, Cauca, Meta, Huila, Tolima, Quindio, Caldas, Risaralda, Antioquia, Valle, Cundinamarca, Boyacá, Santander & Norte de Santander. Angie is a contributor based in Colombia and co-owner and founder of Insignia Coffee. That helps develop the sugar in the beans and give it higher levels of acidity. Brooklands Park, Colombia’s coffee, famous for the quality and flavor of its beans, is the 3rd largest exporter of coffee in the world behind Vietnam. Those factors can make a coffee from Ethiopia radically different than one from Indonesia, and they both can be incredibly different than one from Brazil. Pests can reduce yield and damage both trees and cherries. Many of these producers have been hard hit by the internal conflict. What’s more, the cooler temperatures mean there’s a decreased risk of pest infestations. It’s simple – a coffee-growing region is the area where coffee is grown. “[Farms at 1300 m.a.s.l and below] are experiencing higher temperatures… and this results in high levels of coffee berry borer infestation,” says Pedro. Juan Carlos tells me that the Colombian Coffee Growers Federation is investing in helping the region to grow varieties more suited to its terroir. 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