Three subspecies are extant in South and Southeast Asia. They have a short tail and gray brown quills and feed on fruits, ant pupae, vegetables and roots. When climbing, the porcupine uses the stiff bristles on the undersurface of the tail as support. The Santa Marta porcupine (Coendou sanctamartae) is a rodent in the family Erethizontidae. Types of Porcupine. In Oregon, the porcupine is found throughout most of the state east of the Cascade Range. Most of them appear to be dark brown to black, however some of the hairs and quills on the backs of porcupines are yellow. That species is the North American porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum), which is also frequently referred to as the common porcupine. Porcupine. It's part of the logo for the Free State Project, which actually led to a more organized usage. The Asiatic brush-tailed porcupine (Atherurus macrourus) is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae. The tails of these rodents also have different lengths, ranging from 20 to 30 centimeters. The quills are scattered among much … Porcupines vary in size considerably: Rothschild's porcupine of South America weighs less than a kilogram (2.2 lb); the crested porcupine found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa can grow to well over 27 kg (60 lb). Porcupines are a type of rodent. A porcupine is any of 58 species of rodents belonging to the families Erethizontidae (genera: Coendou, Erethizon, and Chaetomys) or Hystricidae (genera: Atherurus, Hystrix, and Trichys). The Malayan porcupine or Himalayan porcupine (Hystrix brachyura) is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae. They are well known for their dangerous quills that they can come out easily upon contact with the unknown visitor. Their most vulnerable spot is the exposed underfur on their stomachs. There are 12 "New World" species in North, Central and South America. What animals can kill porcupines and how do they do it? The North American porcupine can live for 23 years, while South America's prehensile-tailed porcupine can go four years longer. View all of the Porcupine images! All porcupines have a snout, slow, heavy form and a spiny coat. The common porcupine is a large, short-legged rodent with up to 30,000 bare-tipped quills (modified hairs) covering the upper parts of the body and the dorsal and lateral surfaces of the tail. It is endemic to the island of Borneo and found in Brunei, ... Orange-âSpined Hairy Dwarf Porcupineâ. The Andean porcupine (Coendou quichua) is a species of rodent in the family Erethizontidae. Main Phone (503) 947-6000 The crested porcupine is a terrestrial mammal; they very seldom climb trees, but can swim. They are nocturnal and monogamous. Cape porcupines are the largest rodents in Africa and also the world's largest porcupines. During warm months, porcupines eat leaves, buds, nuts, fruit, twigs, and green plants. Porcupines have tails measuring about eight to ten inches (20-25 cm) and a round body weighing anywhere from 12 to 60 pounds (5-27 kg). Seen here, the libertarian porcupine icon designed by Kevin Breen in 2006 mimics the Republican Elephant and Democratic Donkey. Types of Porcupines Bahia Porcupine. But, taking inspiration from the spiky rodent, researchers have begun to work on a new type … It is found in Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Panama, Mexico, Nicaragua and Belize. The Paraguaian hairy dwarf porcupine, Coendou spinosus, is a South American porcupine species from the family Erethizontidae. Genus Echinoprocta (stump-tailed porcupine) 1 Colombian species. A porcupine has three types of hair: Underfur - This is the bottom layer, comprised of heavy, dark hair that keeps the animal warm. They are broken down into two types of porcupines, which are Old World and New World porcupines. There are 330 species of porcupine, and they may be brown, grey, or, rarely, white. There are 11 species, in three genera, of Old World porcupines in the Hystricidae family. Other major reason is … At least three species of … Genus Hystrix (short-tailed porcupines) 8 species (6 Asian, 2 African). The Bahia porcupine, Coendou insidiosus, is a New World porcupine species in the family Erethizontidae endemic to the Atlantic Forest of southeastern Brazil. Growth is slow, but the porcupine matures in its second fall and can look forward to a life span of up to ten years in the wild unless a person or some other predator kills it. The Brazilian porcupine (Coendou prehensilis) is a porcupine found in Brazil, Argentina, Venezuela, the Guyanas, Bolivia and Trinidad, with a single record from Ecuador. Porcupine | Pixabay Image The two families of porcupines are quite different, and although both belong to the Hystricognathibranch of the v… The quills are scattered among much longer, course guard hairs; the underfur is woolly. Porcupines vary in size considerably depending on species, however, they generally measure 60 – 90 centimetres (25 – 36 inches) in length (excluding tail which measures 20 – 25 centimetres (8 – 10 inches)) and weigh between 5 – 16 kilograms (12 – 35 pounds). We report the discovery of a new species of Coendou (Rodentia, Erethizontidae), here designated Coendou speratus sp. Â© Copyright 2016â2020 Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife. Do you want to enter your opinion about a specific issue into the public record? 4034 Fairview Industrial Drive SE The weight of the porcupine depends on the species and varies from 1.2 to 35 kilograms. Porcupines weigh about 12 to 35 pounds and are rounded and large. The Sunda porcupine (Hystrix javanica) is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae.It is endemic to Indonesia.. References. The synonyms of this species are Atherurus assamensis (Thomas, 1921), and Atherurus macrourus (Thomas, 1921) subspecies assamensis. Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org It was formerly sometimes assigned to Sphiggurus, a genus no longer recognized since genetic studies showed it to be polyphyletic. How much of a threat are porcupines to surrounding animals? Different trees are chosen for resting than for feeding. Quills used in defense are replaced commencing about 10-42 days after loss. Porcupine attains its greatest abundance in mixed coniferous and hardwood forests. The thick-spined porcupine (Hystrix crassispinis) is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae. What are the natural predators of porcupines. Before You Pet A Porcupine: There are 29 species of porcupines and for various reasons not all of them can be kept as pets. Porcupines have r… There are dozens of species of porcupines in the world. Porcupines are the third largest rodent on the planet. ODFW staff will be available by phone and email. They can be from 25 to 36 inches long. This small porcupine, locally known as coandumirim, is found in the Pernambuco Endemism Centre in the Atlantic coast of northeastern Brazil north of the São Francisco river, one of the most important known biodiversity hotspots. Porcupines are the thi largest rodents in the world, and the second largest in North America. Large, slow-moving rodents, porcupines are found on every continent except Antarctica. They are vegetarians. Guard Hairs - These long, rough strands grow atop the underfur. The smallest porcupine is the Rothschilds Porcupine from South America which weighs only 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds). Although the young porcupine suckles for a short time – three to seven weeks – it begins eating vegetation shortly after birth and soon is on its own. The Philippine porcupine, Indonesian porcupine, or Palawan porcupine (Hystrix pumila) is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae (Old World porcupines) endemic to the island of Palawan in the Philippines. They slowly evolved and quickly migrated throughout North and South America. They seemingly are intelligent and are able to learn quickly; they have good memories and especially remember being mistreated. Some species can be well over 60 lbs., and over 2.5 ft. long. Fossils dating to the Oligocene Epoch (33.7 million to 23.8 million years ago). For example, the fact that they are classified as rodents.They are the 3rd largest of all rodents in the world. Oh, it's also the symbol for the Libertarian Party of Nevada. The overall color of the porcupine is dark brown or blackish. Keeping some could turn out to be quite expensive in the long run. The animal has long, curved front claws which also aid in climbing. It is found in Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay. Porcupines do not hibernate and are active throughout the year. The common porcupine is a large, short-legged rodent with up to 30,000 bare-tipped quills (modified hairs) covering the upper parts of the body and the dorsal and lateral surfaces of the tail. The single band technique is another type of quillwork technique that is easily mastered. Visit the ODFW's agency site. The stylized porcupine pictured here is one such representation. They live in a range of habitats from tropical to temperate forests and grasslands of Asia, Europe, Africa, and America. There are many kinds of porcupines in the world and 21 species to be exact. head. The wei… In the wild, their lifespan is around 6 to 8 years, but in captivity they may live up to 12 to 14 years. The largest porcupine is the African Porcupine which can weigh over 20 kilograms (44 pounds). In addition to plant material, porcupines crave salt and are attracted to objects that have salty human sweat on them, such as ax handles, boat oars, etc. This is the classification of the North American porcupine, according to Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS):Kingdom: Animalia Subkingdom: Bilateria Infrakingdom: Deuterostomia Phylum: Chordata Subphylum: Vertebrata Infraphylum: Gnathostomata Superclass: Tetrapoda Class: Mammalia Subclass… The Cape porcupine or South African porcupine, (Hystrix africaeaustralis), is a species of Old World porcupine native to central and southern Africa. Found in the Andes in Colombia and Venezuela, its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. Porcupine Quillwork The Parallel or Band Technique contributed by Nancy Fonicello; Quilled Rosette made by Nancy using the Single-quill Parallel-fold or Band Technique. Region of 2 kg ( 4 lb ) and over 2.5 ft..! 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