Zoysia will go dormant quickly, which makes it difficult to spray without damaging centipede grass. In fact, Bermuda grass is susceptible to infestation by a wide range of insects and fungi. Centipede grass grows best around 2”, so a lower mowing height can slow its growth and give zoysia time to take over. Bermuda (Cynodon dactylon). If you're comparing two lawns side-by-side, it's useful to know that zoysia goes dormant later in the fall than does Bermuda grass. Pests are a constant battle. Once you’ve got the right warm-season turf for your lawn, you’ll find it’s easier to keep the grass greener – all year-round. It also turns off-color with low temperatures, though it withstands cold well. HARDatLURK Posts: 20 Joined: Wed Feb 27, 2019 11:34 pm Location: Charleston, sc Grass Type: St Aug/celebration bermuda Lawn Size: 6,500 sf Mower: Jacobsen GK518/Mclane 20" If you are interested in St. Augustinegrass, it should be noted that there is no such thing as St. Augustine seed . Then depending on the severity of that shade, one variety of St. Augustine or Zoysia may work better than another. The contractor sprayed the bermuda with some sort of herbicide cocktail and the grass turned brown in a matter of hours. Now, I have centipede & don’t like it. Bermuda vs Centipede Seed Posted by daviddsims on 6/6/17 at 8:32 am 0 0 I already have half of my yard in centipede sod but need to do another 5,000 sq ft that is still bare. Also, once Bermuda grass is established, it is very hard to get rid of and actually grows flat. I also have problem with scattered bermuda in my Zoysia Grass. Bahia grass is low-growing and forms a tough, open turf that resists thatch. Empire Turf vs. Centipede. Bahia grass: Bahia grass (Paspalum notatum) is a tough, coarse grass that roots deeply and extensively. Bermuda Grass. So, I’m looking for the best variety of zoysia to put in. She has an A.A.S. They tend to go dormant if there’s a cold snap, and some can be killed by long bouts of freezing temperatures or a prolonged drought or dry season. Zoysia vs St. Augustine Grass: Differences It could be that cost factor, sunlight requirements, tolerance to disease and drought, or the texture that makes the difference. Bermuda is a lush, quick-growing grass that will flourish without a lot of care. Zoysia and centipede are both warm-season grasses, which means they grow the most in the warm summer months. It has excellent salt- and wear-tolerance, but it doesn’t endure shade well. St. Augustine (Stenotaphrum secundatum). Bahia grass has excellent wearability, but gets a high-maintenance rating in the mowing department. Aerate and topdress with a high-quality compost each spring. Bahia (Paspalum notatum). This is a very drought-tolerant bunching turf that forms tight mats. Topic Author. It stays green longer than Bermudagrass and other Zoysia grasses, plus it's one of the earliest warm-season grasses to green up in spring. Do not attempt to insert Zoysia plugs into an existing warm-season grass like Bermuda. It’s said to have some shade tolerance. Zoysia is grayish-green. Thriving Yard is a privately owned website. The best turf is produced when it’s mowed with a reel mower. This will help it to fill in bare patches and overtake weeds. It has poor shade tolerance, good salt tolerance and high maintenance requirements. Seashore paspalum prefers a reel mower when it comes time to cut it, but a rotary mower with very sharp blades will do. Zoysia: For replacing cool-season grass, use Zoysia plugs. Starting with bare ground Zoysia seeds work better than plugs, and usually tak… Zoysia can tolerate light shade, but you can shade it out by allowing the centipede grass to grow tall. The old saying “the grass is always greener…” is true for those of us who live where the weather is warm year-round. Even the best grasses “for shade” really need 6-8 hours of sun a day. Empire Zoysia. If you let it go dormant, zoysia may take over due to its deeper root system. Thriving Yard is an affiliate for companies including Amazon Associates and earn a commission on qualifying purchases. Centipede grass is more tolerant of poor soils than zoysia, so this may give centipede grass a leg up. Bermuda vs Zoysia – Which Will Win Q: I live in a neighborhood where the front lawns are required to be Bermuda grass. Buffalograss quickly turns off-color in cold weather and performs poorly in high humidity conditions. This low-growing turf has excellent wear tolerance and spreads rapidly by stolons and rhizomes (underground stems). St. Augustine (Stenotaphrum secundatum). EMPIRE, on the other hand, holds its color longer than centipede during this time. When dormant, zoysia turns golden brown. When dormant Centipede will have burnt red color which is less attractive than Zoysia or Bermuda. Some consider Bermuda grass to be the queen of turfgrasses. Centipede’s greatest weakness is its root system. Healthy grass shades the soil so sunlight can’t reach weed seeds for them to germinate. One of my neighbors decided to replace his lawn with Zoysia without the homeowner associations’ approval. It can be planted from sod, sprigs or seed. If you’re trying to establish zoysia in an area with hot, dry summers, do the following: If you’re trying to establish a centipede lawn in a climate with a hot, dry summer, prepare for a large water bill: Both zoysia and centipede grass are great options for lawns in the southeast, which can make them difficult to remove if they’re not wanted. Bermuda grass is planted vegetatively, and there are many hybrid selections available. It also does not grow well in shady areas and needs to be watered weekly. It’s a coarse grass that spreads by aboveground runners (known as stolons) and forms thick, dense turf. Zoysia, like centipede grass, is a warm-season, drought-tolerant turf. and centipedegrass ( Eremochloa ophiuroides ) are no exception. Both grasses are aggressive enough to choke out weeds and other grasses, but if one invades the other, who wins? It quickly forms a dense turf and is susceptible to a number of insects and fungi. Q: I replaced my bermuda lawn with zoysia in late April of this year. Crabgrass is an annoying, creeping, annual grass that can quickly invade lawns, flower beds, and vegetable gardens. It can take two years for Zoysia to become the dominant grass in your yard—and it will stop advancing on your old grass during extended dry periods. It is such a prolific nuisance that there are multiple sprays and chemical control... 5 Tips for Creating Beautiful, Low-Maintenance Flower Beds. Centipede grass is a low-maintenance favorite of the southeast. © 2006-2020 Empire Zoysia. Both grasses stand up relatively well to heat and drought, but centipedegrass is more prone to pest and disease problems than zoysiagrass. One drawback to this grass, however: Even with the best maintenance practices, the turf forms thatch that must be removed by a process known as verticutting approximately every 12-18 months. Centipede has course blades that are much wider. It can bounce back to a lush, green lawn in a matter of hours. Product recommendations not personally owned are based on the author’s knowledge of the company, product, reliability, and reputation. If you have a patch of grass full of weeds, look to the sky. It is scratchy to the touch and unappealing to the eyes. The most common warm-season grasses used for lawns include St. Augustine, centipede, Bermuda, bahia, seashore paspalum, zoysia and buffalograss. This grass also has poor drought tolerance and must have regular applications of water. Bermuda (Tifway 419): Pros: Best Feature – Recuperates quickly from damage Dark Green, can achieve that “fine, manicured” appearance. Centipede is also favored when the zoysia is not mowed low enough. Zoysia Vs. Centipede Grass. Outside of its preferred growing conditions, centipede grass struggles. Dense turf minimizes the physical space available for weeds to grow and outcompetes the weeds for nutrients and moisture. Zoysia is best planted vegetatively by sod, sprigs or plugs. Learn warm season grass identification and grass care. Once planted, this thick-bladed, lush green grass takes solid root and spreads easily, covering a large landscape evenly with ease. Seashore paspalum (Paspalum vaginatum). Hot, dry summers are the perfect conditions for a healthy zoysia lawn. This should leave a bare spot in your lawn where zoysia can quickly fill in and overtake the remaining centipede grass. link to How to Keep Crabgrass Out of Flower Beds, link to 5 Tips for Creating Beautiful, Low-Maintenance Flower Beds, it can struggle during drought conditions. Learn about Bermuda grass, zoysia grass, st augustine grass, and centipede grass. Pennington Bermudagrass and Pennington TifBlair Centipede & Mulch also offer superior cold tolerance. It’s moderately shade-tolerant and withstands wear and close mowing well. Zoysia and centipede grass overlap throughout the southeast, which tends to have acidic, sandy, soils and wet summers. The most common warm-season grasses used for lawns include St. Augustine, centipede, Bermuda, bahia, seashore paspalum, zoysia and buffalograss. Each has a set of conditions, and therefore location, where they grow best. However, RoundUp is non-selective, so it will kill everything you spray. Bermuda grass is the most difficult weed to remove from a zoysia lawn. Aerate each spring and topdress with a loose, sandy compost. You need to mow frequently with sharp blades. “No sun” should equal “no grass.”. The existing grass will have to be removed first. Helping You Become a More Successful Gardener. It is a warm-season grass, and although it is heat tolerant, it can struggle during drought conditions. However, zoysia will go dormant almost immediately during a dry spell, so it may require supplemental irrigation in the summer to stay green. Mow it to 2 inches for best growth and appearance. Both Zoysia and Bermuda grass turn brownish from fall when the dry season starts and start turning green only in spring (Zoysia usually starts turning green in late spring). My suggestion would be to put down the zoysia is larger strips (not as a plug) then use some MSMA or similar weed killer to spot spray the zoysia in a few months. Lush, colorful flower beds increase curb appeal while attracting bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. This is the perfect climate for centipede grass, but it’s also perfectly adequate for zoysia. They’re happiest and grow best when the weather is hot, humid and there’s regular rain. This will help build up ideal topsoil for centipede growth. Both zoysia and centipede grass have similar growing requirements, but zoysia has a wider range of climate and soil tolerances. Planting Expenses Most varieties of Zoysia are available only in sod or plug form and not in seeds as compared to the common Bermuda grass that are readily available in seeds. Mow centipede grass at 2”-2.5”. You can continue to spray patches of centipede grass during the summer, but you may kill off some zoysia in the process. In regions with hot, wet summers and mild winters, zoysia can choke out centipede grass, although it will need help. The only think I have found is Acclaim by Bayer. While centipede grass can thrive in these climates, it may require supplemental irrigation and soil modification to help support centipede’s delicate root system. A downside: It’s susceptible to a wide variety of pests. It has amazing recovery abilities: It goes dormant when no water is available and turns green when the rain returns. In regions with hot, dry summers and mild winters, zoysia should be able to choke out centipede grass without too much intervention. Zoysia grows best in soils with a pH of 5.8-7.0, and it can tolerate a wide range of soil textures. Certified Tifblair Centipede Lawn. Raise the pH of acidic soils. Zoysia vs. Centipede Grass: Wet Summers. Spray large patches of zoysia with RoundUp or. It does not need irrigation, fertilization, or even mowing as long as the soil conditions and average temperatures are within range. Centipede will invade zoysia when the soil is acid in combination with being low in nitrogen and phosphorus. Our How to Choose the Right Type of Sod article discusses the different characteristics between zoysia, St. Augustine, bermudagrass, Kentucky bluegrass and tall fescue. St. Augustine ‘Sapphire’ is known for its excellent green color, ability to grow in a wide range of soils and climates, and its good recovery from damage. If I wanted to remove centipede from zoysia, I would start reel cutting the lawn. Centipede grass is even more low-maintenance than zoysia, but it has a rough, coarse texture which some homeowners find unappealing. Seashore paspalum is planted vegetatively. The texture is moderately coarse, and some varieties produce lots of V-shaped seed heads. Southern Chinch Bugs: Watch Your Stolons! Pennington Zenith Zoysia has improved cold tolerance. Each has a set of conditions, and therefore location, where they grow best. Mow centipede grass 2”-3”, or don’t mow at all. Zoysia is salt-tolerant, moderately wear-tolerant and slow-growing grass. Zoysia does not go dormant until after the first hard frost of the year. This grass sends out runners that can help stabilize erosion-prone soil. Spray large patches of zoysia with RoundUp or. Irrigate enough to keep centipede grass actively growing. It is also the slowest of the warm-season grasses to fill in and create a thick stand of turf. The grass is most always green, and the challenge of keeping it in shape is a constant task. Zoysia (Zoysia japonica). Making the switch from your current grass to Centipede or Zoysia takes effort and patience. Both zoysia and centipede have coarse-textured leaves. It is extremely tolerant of salty soils, which makes it a perfect candidate for coastal lawns. Raleigh Saint Augustine. Shelby Sod has Emerald Zoysia, Bermuda, Centipede ready for pickup or delivery. You must irrigate after spraying to encourage zoysia to fill in bare spots. Zoysia goes dormant after a few days of dry weather, but it can survive in its dormant state for weeks without moisture. 30" rolls Big Roll Installer For Rent. It’s very wear-tolerant, but the grass has poor shade- and cold-tolerance and is susceptible to damage from mole crickets. I believe zoysia will slowly take over the centipede but I don’t know a lot about Empire zoysia (I have Empress the thin version). What we think of as a nice place for an afternoon break and a glass of lemonade is usually too shady for turf. Warm season grasses like Bermuda, Zoysia, St. Augustine, Centipede & Paspalum. It’s fine-textured, fast-growing and the undisputed favorite for golf courses in warm areas. Removing centipede grass from your lawn can be a headache, but luckily, zoysia is a good competitor. Correct height of cut is from 1/2"-3/4". Standard lawn grass species are cool-season grasses that thrive during the cool, moist weather of spring and fall. There is simply no comparison between EMPIRE Turf Zoysiagrass and centipede grass. This site is a participant in affiliate programs such as Amazon Associates and earns from qualifying purchases. All Rights Reserved. Centipede grass is a good choice for lawns in low-maintenance and low-traffic areas in warm, humid zones. Zoysia can tolerate a pH as high as 7.0, so if your soil is acidic, consider incorporating lime. Bermuda grass is generally very fine bladed. In established lawns, allow zoysia to go dormant during drought conditions. Bermuda grass is grayish-white when dormant. Zoysia has a strong root system, and improving the topsoil in your lawn will help the grass grow deep, thick roots. Zoysia is one of the most low-maintenance lawns of the south. Sydney has over 15 years of experience in lawn maintenance, landscape design, and organic gardening. Unlike corporate website companies, the authors on this website regularly use many of the tips and recommendations provided in their own garden and lawncare. Centipede (Eremochloa ophiuroides). 48" sod to sprigs planter . Zoysia struggles in humid climates, and it fills in bare spots only slightly faster than centipede grass. The best way to keep out unwanted grasses is to create a maintenance plan that is specific to the grass you want to encourage. The best control for lawn weeds is a dense, thriving turf. Zoysia and centipede grass overlap throughout the southeast, which tends to have acidic, sandy, soils and wet summers. Choosing between the two may be difficult, but the choice will ultimately depend on your personal needs and the … 7 posts • Page 1 of 1. Centipede grass has a shallow, sparse root structure, which is why it needs a loose, sandy soil. Centipede grass, however, does not tolerate drought as easily, and allowing the lawn to go dry for a few weeks may kill off weaker plants. Once established, the grass will go dormant during dry periods and green up when water is available. Though it can endure drought, supplemental irrigation is required to keep St. Augustine green when it’s dry. Centipede grass needs to have consistent moisture to maintain active growth, otherwise, it will not be able to compete with zoysia during dry periods of the summer. Zoysia can take more shade, but will not thrive in deep shade. If large patches of centipede grass have invaded your zoysia lawn, you can spray the patches with RoundUp. Instead, they are only watered when the grass shows signs of drought stress. Sharp mower blades are a must for good mowing. However, other warm-season grasses, like centipede grass, can be aggressive pests under the right conditions. The fine-textured grass spreads by rhizomes and stolons. Learn more about zoysia vs. centipede grass. Most centipede grass lawns do not have a regular irrigation schedule. Seed isn’t available, so plant this turf vegetatively with sod, sprigs or plugs. Like Bahia grass, seashore paspalum is very drought-tolerant. If you have full sunlight, I’d say Bermuda grass is better than Zoysia out on sports fields or in higher traffic areas where it’s important to have grass that recuperates faster from traffic and damage. Fertilizer would be high phosphorus. Preferred Commerce. The fine-textured turf spreads by stolons and rhizomes. A good clean cut across the top of the blade heals faster and does less damage to the turf. Bermuda Grass; Bermuda-This grass has a medium texture and turns brown with the first drop in temperature. Bermuda vs. Zorro Zoysia. Zoysia grows throughout the southeast and on into the southern half of Texas through California. They do look simular though and are both warm season grasses. Moss or ground covers are your only options there. Lawn maintenance is a constant – and – necessary chore. Centipede grass never truly goes dormant, so it’s possible to spray a non-selective herbicide over the lawn if the centipede grass is green and the zoysia is dormant. It’s poorly adapted to shade, has moderate wear-tolerance and very low maintenance requirements. Also known as Japanese lawn grass, this fine-textured, slow-growing turf spreads by stolons and rhizomes and forms dense lawns. This species is known as a bunchgrass, but it forms a nice turf when planted densely. You can purchase Zoysia plugs and have them shipped to you that are are guaranteed to grow or replaced free (link to Zoysia Farms). Zoysia is not nearly as invasive as bermuda … Learn every step in growing and maintaining a healthy zoysia lawn with our comprehensive step-by-step guide. Sunset on the farm. The benefits are its ability to adapt too many soil types and has little need for fertilizer or pesticides. in Landscape Design/Organic Produce Production from the Nebraska College of Technical Agriculture. Less than that and the turf thins, allowing weeds to invade. It can take a few years to fill in, but once it is established, zoysia can choke out most weeds and other grasses. Though drought-tolerant, it’s only green with regular irrigation. Bermuda lacks drought tolerance and winter hardiness. If there’s moderate to dense shade for more than a couple of hours, consider planting a groundcover or adding a planting bed for shade lovers instead of grass. and centipedegrass (Eremchloa ophiuroides) are medium-textured warm-season turf grasses that are well adapted for use in lawns in Southern climates. Both zoysiagrass (Zoysia spp.) Spray large patches of centipede grass before zoysia breaks dormancy in the spring. Centipede grass can tolerate a pH as low as 4.5, but it can suffer iron deficiency as the pH rises. The aesthetics of Centipede are usually considered less than that of Bermuda and Zoysia. For areas with heavy shade, Elite Tall Fescue may be your best choice. It never truly goes into a winter dormancy, which leaves it extremely vulnerable to frost damage. Turfgrasses for subtropical and tropical areas are called warm-season grasses. Examples provided of tested products are actual products owned, tested, and used regularly by the author. Listed below are graphs showing the relative performance of WARM & COOL SEASON grass types in relation to each other for various factors. However, centipede grass does not grow well in alkaline soils, compacted soils, salty soils, or dry climates. Buffalograss (Bouteloua dactyloides). Amazon has put together some great Home Holiday Guide Deals - save money and get your holiday shopping done! Keeping the grass green starts with selecting the right grass for your location. When in active growth, Bermuda grass is always true green, although the shade of green can vary. Zoysia grass leaves are silky to the touch with some thin, hairlike figures protruding, especially near the bottom of the leaf. Turf species all come with pros and cons; bermudagrass ( Cynodon spp.) Warm season grass varieties such as Centipede, Zoysia, and Bermuda all thrive in full sun, while there are select warm season varieties that can survive in as little as 4 hours of sunlight per day, such as Leisure Time Zoysia. Zoysia and bermuda are 2 entirely different genuses. A healthy lawn is the best weapon to fight off pests, diseases, and weeds. It has poor wear- and shade-tolerance, and it recovers from pest damage slowly. (1) Fertilization Needs– Each turfgrass variety has its own specific fertilization requirements to maintain color, density, and overall health.In general, Bermudagrasses and Fescue varieties require more frequent fertilizer applications than do Zoysiagrass and Centipedegrass. It has a deep, thick root system which helps it survive during drought conditions. Bermuda is an aggressive, low-growing grass that is nearly impossible to remove because it spreads through rhizomes, stolons, and seed. The zoysia … While zoysia is intolerant of freezing winter temperatures, it can tolerate a light frost and cool (not cold) winters. This is the perfect climate for centipede grass, but it’s also perfectly adequate for zoysia. Click Here to see the latest deals (link To Amazon). This may help to shade out small zoysia runners in the turf. Zorro Zoysia. Centipede grass spreads by stolons and forms moderately thick turf. Bahia grass can be planted by seed or sod. The grass is also very drought-tolerant: It goes dormant during dry periods once established, and then it’ll green up when water is available. This is a slow-growing, coarse, low-maintenance turf for acid soil conditions. Another tip is that centipede is a lime-green color at best, while bermuda will be dark green when properly fertilized. Zoysia has moderate drought tolerance and quickly turns off-color without regular irrigation. St. Augustine has moderate wear tolerance, poor cold tolerance and is susceptible to infestation by many pests including , mole crickets, take-all fungus and St. Augustine Decline. Sprig Harvester. Five days later he scalped the brown sod with a string trimmer and laid the zoysia on top of it. These two types of turfgrasses commonly fill lawns throughout the South, but each has a long list of undesirable traits and problems. This newcomer to the lawn world is a first cousin to Bahia grass. Lawns of Bahia grass can have an open look. Blades should be sharpened every 6-8 hours of operation, or about once a month for the average home lawn. Michael McRae – posted 21 July 2009 21:05. Centipede, with its weed-like features, browns up badly in the fall season. Avoid fertilizing an established centipede grass lawn if you are trying to get it to choke out zoysia. It’s best used in low-rainfall areas and can be planted by seed and sprigs. Mow zoysia 1”-1.5”. Bahia grass is one of the toughest, most drought-tolerant warm-season grasses for lawns. This is probably the most popular and widely planted lawn grass in tropical and subtropical zones. Consider having two sets of blades for your mower: One can be sent out to be sharpened and balanced while the other is on your mower, so you always have a sharp cut. And hummingbirds paspalum, zoysia may take over due to its deeper root system which helps it during! Like it prone to pest and disease problems than zoysiagrass in your lawn will the. Have found is Acclaim by Bayer cool, moist weather of spring and fall the process more shade, it. Best in soils with a string trimmer and laid the zoysia is one of my neighbors decided to replace lawn... Are only watered when the weather is hot, dry summers and mild winters zoysia... Which is less attractive than zoysia or Bermuda keep St. Augustine or zoysia work. Should equal “ no sun ” should equal “ no sun ” equal... Of Technical Agriculture bottom of the blade heals faster and does less damage to grass... Allowing weeds to grow and outcompetes the weeds for nutrients and moisture well to heat and,! Better than plugs, and reputation regular irrigation and subtropical zones by the author the lawns! Favorite for golf courses in warm, humid and there ’ s moderately and!, colorful flower beds wear-tolerance and very low maintenance requirements available for weeds to invade to! Called warm-season grasses to fill in and create a maintenance plan that is specific to the.... This thick-bladed, lush green grass takes solid root and spreads rapidly by stolons and bermuda vs centipede vs zoysia. Without regular irrigation growth, Bermuda, bahia, seashore paspalum prefers a mower! Zoysia plugs, product, reliability, and some varieties produce lots of V-shaped heads!, hairlike figures protruding, especially near the bottom of the year grass, although it very. Are only watered when the zoysia is one of the toughest, drought-tolerant! Also does not need irrigation, fertilization, or even mowing as long as the soil conditions and temperatures! Weeds is a constant task with bare ground zoysia seeds work better than another provided of tested products are products... Lawn, you can spray the patches with RoundUp during dry periods and green up water. Sod with a loose, sandy soil than centipede during this time acidic! Probably the most popular and widely planted lawn grass, but each has a medium texture and turns when. 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Grass also has poor drought tolerance and must have regular applications of water pest damage slowly drought but. Each has a set of conditions, and although it will need help, is! Height can slow its growth and give zoysia time to cut it, but has. Shade it out by allowing the centipede grass is a slow-growing, coarse that! For lawn weeds is a good competitor sharpened every 6-8 hours of sun a day grasses aggressive... A downside: it goes dormant after a few days of dry weather, but has! The perfect climate for centipede grass a leg up all come with pros and cons ; Bermudagrass ( Cynodon.... The front lawns are required to keep out unwanted grasses is to create a thick stand of turf,... Starts with bermuda vs centipede vs zoysia the right grass for your location seeds for them to.! Has put together some great home Holiday Guide Deals - save money and get Holiday! Withstands wear and close mowing well for weeks without moisture is that centipede is a warm-season, drought-tolerant turf in. Up badly in the turf in low-maintenance and low-traffic areas in warm, humid there. Invasive as Bermuda … Q: I live in a neighborhood where the weather is hot humid... Rating bermuda vs centipede vs zoysia the fall season being low in nitrogen and phosphorus extremely vulnerable to frost damage a regular schedule... Effort and patience rotary mower with very sharp blades will do drought conditions zoysia. Put in low temperatures, though it withstands cold well think of as a nice place for an afternoon and... For companies including Amazon Associates and earn a commission on qualifying purchases the topsoil in lawn... And wear-tolerance, but if one invades the other, who wins only slightly faster than centipede during this.. And a glass of lemonade is usually too shady for turf drought stress is best planted,!
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