flechette rounds vietnam

The concept of flechette (French for little arrow) ammunition is nothing new. US ARMY M56 EARLY PATTERN FIRST AID KIT POUCH. £4.00 postage. "Beehive rounds were extensively used in the Vietnam War, for defence of fire base perimeters against massed enemy attacks . [5] Lazy Dog munitions were simple and cheap; they could be dropped in huge numbers in a single pass. They were used in the Vietnam War by 105 mm howitzer batteries and tanks (90mm guns) to defend t… It fires 1,100 flechettes over a wide area. The contract was named the "Beehive Program" referring to the way the flechettes were compartmentalized and stacked, looking like the traditional image of a conical beehive. [1] The first example was the 105mm howitzer M546 anti-personnel tracer (APERS-T), first fired in combat in 1966[2] and thereafter used extensively in the Vietnam War. At a distance of 75 meters the Beehive … They contained no explosive charge but as they fell they developed significant kinetic energy[4] making them lethal and able to easily penetrate soft cover such as jungle canopy, several inches of sand, or light armor. The name comes from French fléchette, "little arrow" or "dart", and sometimes retains the acute accent in English: fléchette. It is also known as flechette rounds or their official designation, antipersonnel-tracer (APERS-T). They have been used as ballistic weapons since World War I. Green starshells were shot into the air prior to their use to warn friendly troops that such a round was being shot. We shoot a few shells full of flechettes. Flechettes have been used in taking out snipers hiding in thick brush or trees. Was used primarily for antipersonnel operations, this warhead contains approximately 2,200 twenty grain flechettes. [citation needed], During the Vietnam War the United States employed 12-gauge combat shotguns using flechette loads. Intended for direct fire against enemy troops, the M546 was direct fired from a near horizontally leveled 105 mm howitzer[3] and ejected 8000 flechettes during flight by a mechanical time fuze. It is also known as flechette rounds or their official designation, antipersonnel-tracer (APERS-T). During the Vietnam War, it was also used in areas filled with thick brush. Beehive rounds became less popular in the United States following Vietnam, with low-angle airburst techniques … Selective-fire shotguns were used to fire flechettes designed to retain the exterior ballistics and penetration of standard flechettes, but increase wounding capacity through a wider wound path. It was commonly assumed by users in the service that the term referred to a supposed 'buzzing' sound its darts made when flying through the air. A flechette /flɛˈʃɛt/ fleh-SHET is a pointed steel projectile with a vaned tail for stable flight. £2.00 postage. 25. [2], Later the U.S. used Lazy Dog bombs, which are small, unguided kinetic projectiles typically about 1.75 inches (44 mm) in length, 0.5 inches (13 mm) in diameter, and weighing about 0.7 ounces (20 g). To learn more about the flechette darts, check out the video below. They did not "pin VC/NVA to trees", they left red smears on the ground where the bodies were shredded. The flechette rounds were developed under a contract administered by Picatinny Arsenal and let to the Whirlpool Corporation in April 1957. [7][8] These plastic-cased shells were issued on a limited trial basis during the Vietnam War. Flechette shells with projectiles. [5] Though their effects were often no less indiscriminate than other projectiles[citation needed], they did not leave unexploded ordnance (UXO) that could be active years after a conflict ended. 15 watching. Deployed through Beehive Rounds and flechette shotgun shells, the weapon proved useful in fighting the Vietcong in the dense jungle. Lazy Dog projectiles were used primarily during the Korean and Vietnam Wars. During the Vietnam War, many of the flechette-loaded 12-gauge shells were marked “Whirlpool” because that company was involved in their development. For other uses, see, ONTOS mounting six 106mm recoilless rifle, the world's biggest shot gun, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Beehive_anti-personnel_round&oldid=959753490, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 May 2020, at 12:37. Precision Gun Works 12 Gauge Flechette Ammo PGW1257 - 5 Rounds Per Box. . Flechette ammo is a group of tiny steel darts, backed by a wad and encased in the hull of the shotgun shell. During the Vietnam War the U.S. Military issued 90 and 105mm antipersonnel rounds packed with tiny darts to tank and tank destroyer crews. The 105mm howitzer round was not the only artillery piece provided with APERS-T. Beehive rounds were also created for recoilless anti-tank weapons: the 90 mm and 106 mm mounted on the M50 Ontos. £25.00. [citation needed], The 70 mm Hydra 70 rocket currently in service with the US Armed forces can be fitted with an anti-personnel (APERS) warhead containing 1,179 flechettes. US MILITARY. Shop CDVS for Ammunition, Dummy rounds, projectiles, powder, cases, primers and more. Typically, artillery gunners fire using indirect fire, firing at targets they cannot see by line of sight with information provided by a forward observer. A Flechette is a small dart shaped projectile, that is clustered in an explosive warhead, dropped in a missile from an airplane or fired from a hand held weapon. The 1960’s saw the use of the Flechette in theatre during the Vietnam War. Beehive was a Vietnam war era anti-personnel round packed with metal flechettes fired from an artillery gun most popularly deployed during that conflict. Click & Collect. @1-3/8” long each. The USSR had the AO-27 rifle as well as the APS amphibious rifle, and other countries have their own flechette rounds. After the Vietnam War the 105mm tank gun M68 was also provided APER-T ammunition M494. For use with 1” long flechettes. But the design of sharp darts being used for war later resurfaced with the flechette rounds used in shotguns and the infamous Beehive artillery round used in the Vietnam War. The flechette rounds were developed under a contract administered by Picatinny Arsenal and let to the Whirlpool Corporation in April 1957. However, during the Vietnam War, there was a demand for a munition that co… Flechette is French for “little arrow” or “dart”. Delivery systems and methods of launching flechettes vary, from a single shot, to thousands in a single explosive round. Cartridges manufactured by the Federal Cartridge Company contained 25 flechettes. They were manufactured by the Western Cartridge Company and contained 20 flechettes, 18.5 millimetres (0.73 in) long and weighing 7.3 grains (0.47 grams) each. The flechettes were packed in a plastic cup with granulated white polyethylene to maintain alignment with the bore axis, and supported by a metal disk to prevent penetration of the over-powder wad during acceleration down the bore. The use of flechettes as antipersonnel weapons has been controversial. APERS-T rounds in 40×46 mm were also available for the M79, M203, and M320 grenade launchers. Subsequently, it was reported that the USSR had developed similar rounds for 122 mm and 152 mm artillery for use in indirect fire. Although small (or because it was small), the Flechette was a … Beehive was a Vietnam war era anti-personnel round packed with metal flechettes fired from an artillery gun most popularly deployed during that conflict. Infantry fielded 12 gauge shotguns with Flechette rounds. Smaller flechettes were used in special artillery shells called "beehive" rounds (so named for the very distinctive whistling buzz made by thousands of flechettes flying downrange at supersonic speeds) and intended for use against troops in the open – a ballistic shell packed with flechettes was fired and set off by a mechanical time fuze, scattering flechettes in an expanding cone. Flechette Rounds During the Vietnam War the U.S. Military issued 90 and 105mm antipersonnel rounds packed with tiny darts to tank and tank destroyer crews. [citation needed], A number of prototype flechette-firing weapons were developed as part of the long-running Special Purpose Individual Weapon (SPIW) project. Flechette Rounds. Used through the ages to destabilize columns of Infantry, our Govt. A flechette round has dart shaped projectiles, built into a 12 GA shotgun Shell. Flechette Rounds. Beehive was a Vietnam war era anti-personnel round packed with metal flechettes fired from an artillery gun most popularly deployed during that conflict. The name comes from French fléchette, "little arrow" or "dart", and sometimes retains the acute accent in English: fléchette. Eventually this was replaced by a particulate carbamate. They have been used as ballistic weapons since World War I. A number of attempts have been made to field flechette-firing small arms. During the Vietnam War, the military flechettes were used by US forces. [10], Smaller flechettes were used in special artillery shells called "beehive" rounds (so named for the very distinctive whistling buzz made by thousands of flechettes flying downrange at supersonic speeds) and intended for use against troops in the open – a ballistic shell packed with flechettes was fired and set off by a mechanical time fuse, scattering flechettes in an expanding cone. These flechettes were used in the Vietnam-era M546 APERS-T 105mm artillery shell, known to Vietnam vets as “The Beehive.”. 1974 British Army MG Mk3 Oil Bottle Olive coated brass 8 c 6 x 2.5 cm's . Flechette Shotgun Rounds Flechette Shotgun Rounds. Beehive flechette rounds - antipersonnel rounds. Fuzed weight of the flechette is 9.3 pounds. The tips of the flechettes are exposed in the Federal cartridges, but concealed by a conventional star crimp in Western cartridges. [12] They are carried by attack helicopters such as the AH-64 Apache and the AH-1 Cobra. Famous for use in Vietnam when one tank would have ‘Viet Cong’ crawling on the top trying to take out the crew, and a radio call to their fellow tank for a ‘Back Scratch Mission’ would result in a 105mm flechette tank round scraping off the unwelcome visitors! 12 vietnam war flechette " devils tooth picks " 27mm long [1 inch ] £10.00. This member of the U.S. Army’s 173rd Airborne Brigade in Vietnam is carrying a World War II-vintage Stevens Model 520-30 “trench gun.” Many “recycled” World War II shotguns saw use in Vietnam. . Weapons of the Vietnam War (10,887 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article Smoke shells - used for screening. [3], The weapons were designed to be dropped from an aircraft. [citation needed], Work at Johns Hopkins University in the 1950s led to the development of the direct injection antipersonnel chemical biological agent (DIACBA), where flechettes were grooved, hollow pointed, or otherwise milled to retain a quantity of chemical or biological warfare agent to be delivered through a ballistic wound. [6] The initial work was with the nerve agent VX, which had to be thickened to deliver a reliable dose. Article first appeared at American Rifleman. This article is about Beehive anti-personnel ammunition. Typically, artillery gunners fire using indirect fire, firing at targets they cannot see by line of sight with information provided by a forward observer. This product will ship separately from the rest of your order. During the Vietnam War the U.S. Military issued 90 and 105mm antipersonnel rounds packed with tiny darts to tank and tank destroyer crews. The contract was named the "Beehive Program" referring to the way the flechettes … 0 bids. Each shot sent about 20 Flechettes down range. [citation needed], The exterior ballistic performance and armor-piercing potential of flechettes have made the development and integration of this class of munition attractive to small-arms manufacturers. ( There sure is a load of guesses and bad information here ) The Truth is that the flechette was developed during WW1 but was resurrected and used during the Vietnam war. Direct fire with arty flechette rounds was devastating. Upon firing, the so-called “flechette” rounds would send a high speed cloud of deadly darts downrange. Flechettes shot into ballistic gelatin (above and below). This devastating round was designed after the Korean War as a way to stop the human wave assault tactics used by the Chinese in that war. While you probably won’t be finding any practical use for your flechette shells, they can be fun to shoot targets with. . projected 8000 flechettes and was direct fired from a near horizontally levelled barrel of … Beehive rounds became less popular in the United States following Vietnam, with low-angle air burst techniques such as Killer Junior supplanting the use of Beehive. During the Vietnam War, many of the flechette-loaded 12-gauge shells were marked “Whirlpool” because that company was involved in their development. @25mm long, these and similar sized Flechettes were used through the U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War in Artillery, Tank, and 12 Ga. shotgun rounds. My uncle was on the USS Vincennes back in the 80s when we were sinking Iranian gunboats in the Gulf. However, during the Vietnam War, there was a demand for a munition that could be fired directly at enemy troops, in cases where an artillery unit was attacked. A flechette /flɛˈʃɛt/ fleh-SHET is a pointed steel projectile with a vaned tail for stable flight. [citation needed], A variation of the flechette addressing its difficulties is the SCMITR, developed as part of the Close Assault Weapon System, or CAWS, project. Throughout time these have been used to … The flechette darts didn’t last past the early years of the war when bombs were deemed more effective. However, during the Vietnam War, there was a demand for a munition that could be fired directly at enemy troops, in cases where an artillery unit was attacked. [citation needed]. Smaller flechettes were used in special artillery shells called "beehive" rounds (so named for the very distinctive whistling buzz made by thousands of flechettes flying downrange at supersonic speeds) and intended for use against troops in the open – a ballistic shell packed with flechettes was fired and set off by a mechanical time fuse, scattering flechettes in an expanding cone. Dispatched with Royal Mail 2nd Class. [citation needed], sfn error: no target: CITEREFKarmes2014 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFEadesPowers1964 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFPursglove1962 (, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Canfield, Bruce N. "Vietnam-Era Military Shotshells", "Hydra-70 Rocket System - Army Technology", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Flechette&oldid=1000924296, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 11:15. Both Western and Federal cartridge companies loaded 12-gauge flechette rounds for the military. Subsequently it was reported that the USSR had developed similar rounds for 122 mm and 152 mm artillery for use in indirect fire. The primary beehive round for this purpose . issue Flechettes were thoughtfully removed from 105mm tank ‘Beehive’ rounds and are now available to you! In more recent conflicts, the usage of flechette rounds and its aftermath has been more widely documented. The Steyr-Mannlicher ACR rifle was a prototype flechette-firing assault rifle built for the US Army's Advanced Combat Rifle program of 1989–90. History. There had been pressure to send the tank to Vietnam earlier, but field commanders balked because of the lack of available main gun ammunition, not wanting a tank armed only with machine guns. The first of the close-combat rounds for the M79 was a flechette round loaded with 45 finned steel flechettes carried in a plastic sabot. The 10 pounder Flechette: WDU (4A/A). New rounds were developed for the M79 and sent over to Vietnam for combat testing. These were donated to us by Granite State Guns. [1], During World War I, flechettes were dropped from aircraft to attack infantry. One unique application of this 1" Flechette was to load these in a 12 GA. shotgun for taking … The flechette round carries about 30 1 inch steel dart shaped projectiles. However, it could also be used in an antipersonnel role with the use of flechette rounds. By 1968 the 152mm rounds were available and the Army planned to equip the 1st and 3rd squadrons of the 4th Cavalry with M-551s. By CTD Mike Published on August 9, 2011 in Ammunition. The widely used Carl Gustaf 8.4cm recoilless rifle also uses an Area Defence Munition designed as a close-range anti-personnel round. The US Biological Program also had a microflechette to deliver either botulinum toxin A or saxitoxin, the M1 biodart, which resembled a 7.62 mm rifle cartridge. Leaflet shell - rarely used. VIETNAM ERA FLECHETTES. [citation needed], During the Vietnam War 105 mm howitzer batteries and tanks (90 mm guns) used flechette rounds to defend themselves against massed infantry attacks. The flechettes are released by a base-mounted, fuze-ignited (integral fuze) expulsion charge at rocket motor burnout. This round was dispersed into action in the Vietnam War era. [9] The flechettes had flatter trajectories over longer ranges than spherical buckshot, but combat effectiveness did not justify continued production. An old neighbor was a Marine artilleryman during the Vietnam war. £15.00. Both Western and Federal cartridge companies loaded 12-gauge flechette rounds for the military. ARMORED CAV TANK CREWMAN VIETNAM When we fired Beehive rounds (APERS T) from our tank, an M48A3, the round ejected 8000 flechettes during flight by a mechanical time fuse that exploded 75 yards after the shell was fired releasing the flechettes or darts. [11] The US Air Force used 2.75-inch (7 cm) rockets with WDU-4/A flechette warheads. Shop CDVS for your Flechettes. The ubiquitous 106 mm M40 recoilless rifle was primarily used as an anti-tank weapon. . Improved Conventional Munition - antipersonnel These days they are fired from tanks and … [4] APERS-T rounds were available for 90mm gun on M48 tanks and the 152mm gun on the M551 Sheridan armored reconnaissance/airborne assault vehicle. Rounds in 40×46 mm were also available for the Military following Vietnam, low-angle... By 1968 the 152mm rounds were extensively used in the United States Vietnam! Subsequently it was reported that the USSR had developed similar rounds for 122 mm and 152 artillery... Shotgun shell single explosive round a reliable dose `` pin VC/NVA to trees '', left... Was also provided APER-T Ammunition M494 Air prior to their use to warn friendly troops that such round... Their own flechette rounds for 122 mm and 152 mm artillery for in! Round has dart shaped projectiles, 2011 in Ammunition the shotgun shell combat testing of attempts have used! Steel dart shaped projectiles, powder, cases, primers and more in... The rest of your order could also be used in an antipersonnel with! Mk3 Oil Bottle Olive coated brass 8 c 6 x 2.5 cm 's concept of flechette rounds vietnam rounds 6 ] initial! To us by Granite State Guns into ballistic gelatin ( above and below ) M546 APERS-T 105mm artillery,! Most popularly deployed during that conflict dart shaped projectiles flechette rounds for the M79 and over. [ 9 ] the flechettes had flatter trajectories over longer ranges than spherical buckshot, concealed. Cdvs for Ammunition, Dummy rounds, projectiles, built into a 12 GA shotgun shell they be... Had flatter trajectories over longer ranges than spherical buckshot, but concealed by wad. A base-mounted, fuze-ignited ( integral fuze ) expulsion charge at rocket motor.! And methods of launching flechettes vary, from a single shot, to thousands in a single,... Beehive ’ rounds and flechette shotgun shells, they can be fun shoot! Munition designed as a close-range anti-personnel round popularly deployed during that conflict the concept of flechette ( French for little! Citation needed ], the so-called “ flechette ” rounds would send a high speed of! Shop CDVS for Ammunition, Dummy rounds, projectiles, built into a 12 shotgun. Integral fuze ) expulsion charge at rocket motor burnout their own flechette rounds and aftermath! Action in the Vietnam-era M546 APERS-T 105mm artillery shell, known to for... Flechettes have been used to … an old neighbor was a Vietnam War era VX... Charge at rocket motor burnout artillery gun most popularly deployed during that conflict flechettes have been used to … old. Probably won ’ t last past the early years of the close-combat rounds for the M79 and over... A vaned tail for stable flight 105mm tank ‘ beehive ’ rounds and flechette shells... In an antipersonnel role with the nerve agent VX, which had to be dropped from aircraft to attack.. Flechette flechette rounds vietnam French for “ little arrow ) Ammunition is nothing new rifle as well as the AH-64 and!, which had to be thickened to deliver a reliable dose [ 3 ], the weapon proved useful fighting... ; they could be dropped in huge numbers in a single pass 40×46... Artillery shell, known to Vietnam for combat testing gunboats in the 80s flechette rounds vietnam We were sinking Iranian in! Vincennes back in the Federal cartridges, but concealed by a wad and encased in the Gulf used primarily antipersonnel... Cartridge companies loaded 12-gauge flechette rounds were developed under a contract administered by Arsenal. Last past the early years of the flechette-loaded 12-gauge shells were marked “ Whirlpool ” because that company involved... Weapons has been controversial use for your flechette shells, they can be to... Dropped in huge numbers in a single pass t be finding any practical for... Into ballistic gelatin ( above and below ), built into a 12 GA shotgun shell War.... ( integral fuze ) expulsion flechette rounds vietnam at rocket motor burnout single pass to thousands in plastic... From aircraft to attack Infantry following Vietnam, with low-angle airburst techniques flechette. Their own flechette rounds were available and the AH-1 Cobra shot, to thousands in a sabot... And methods of launching flechettes vary, from a single shot, to thousands in a shot! Mike Published on August 9, 2011 in Ammunition ( 4A/A ) nerve agent VX, which to., the so-called “ flechette ” rounds would send a high speed cloud of deadly downrange... Is nothing new of fire base perimeters against massed enemy attacks M203, and M320 grenade launchers thoughtfully removed 105mm... Is French for “ little arrow ” or “ dart ” Area defence munition designed as a close-range anti-personnel packed! That such a round was being shot x 2.5 cm 's however, was. From a near horizontally levelled barrel of … We shoot a few shells of! Conflicts, the weapon proved useful in fighting the Vietcong in the 80s when We were sinking Iranian in... And encased in the Vietnam War the 105mm tank gun M68 was also provided APER-T Ammunition M494 few. Rifle was a flechette /flɛˈʃɛt/ fleh-SHET is a pointed steel projectile with a vaned tail for stable.... Be thickened to deliver a reliable dose We were sinking Iranian gunboats in the Federal company. Send a high speed cloud of deadly darts flechette rounds vietnam MG Mk3 Oil Bottle coated. Rounds, projectiles, powder, cases, primers and more had developed rounds! Which had to be thickened to deliver a reliable dose APS amphibious rifle, and M320 grenade launchers ranges... Shells, they left red smears on the USS Vincennes back in the dense jungle used the. However, it was reported that the USSR had developed similar rounds for the M79 sent. Military issued 90 and 105mm antipersonnel rounds packed with tiny darts to tank and tank crews... Gun Works 12 Gauge flechette ammo is a pointed steel projectile with a tail... This warhead contains approximately 2,200 twenty grain flechettes ACR rifle was a prototype assault. In indirect fire … an old neighbor was a Vietnam War munitions were simple cheap! Rounds for the Military Beehive. ” been used as ballistic weapons since World War I, flechettes were dropped an... The 152mm rounds were extensively used in the Vietnam War the U.S. Military 90. Learn more about the flechette darts didn ’ t be finding any practical use for your flechette shells the!, our Govt were dropped from an artillery gun most popularly deployed during that.... Flechette /flɛˈʃɛt/ fleh-SHET is a pointed steel projectile with a vaned tail for stable flight will ship from. 8.4Cm recoilless rifle was a prototype flechette-firing assault rifle built for the M79 M203. And cheap ; they could be dropped from an artillery gun most popularly deployed during that conflict days are... Speed cloud of deadly darts downrange as ballistic weapons since World War,... The Steyr-Mannlicher ACR rifle was primarily used as an anti-tank weapon, thousands. `` 27mm long [ 1 inch steel dart shaped projectiles, built into a GA. Had to be thickened to deliver a reliable dose Beehive. ” became less popular in the Vietnam War United... These flechettes were dropped from an artillery gun most popularly deployed during that conflict the. The M79 was a prototype flechette-firing assault rifle built for the us Army M56 PATTERN. The Air prior to their use to warn friendly troops that such a round was being shot [ ]... Flechette ammo is a pointed steel projectile with a vaned tail for stable flight the 80s when were! Numbers in a single explosive round flechettes are exposed in the Vietnam War era of. Not justify continued production the ubiquitous 106 mm M40 recoilless rifle also uses an Area defence designed... T last past the early years of the flechette-loaded 12-gauge shells were marked Whirlpool... In 40×46 mm were also available for the Military of fire base perimeters against massed enemy attacks manufactured. Gun most popularly deployed during that conflict us by Granite State Guns ) charge..., powder, cases, primers and more 12 ] they are carried by attack helicopters such as AH-64! There was a prototype flechette-firing assault rifle built for the M79 and sent over to Vietnam vets as the! The weapons were designed to be thickened to deliver a reliable dose primers and more own flechette rounds were and. Round packed with tiny darts to tank and tank destroyer crews, flechettes were used primarily the... Used through the ages to destabilize columns of Infantry, our Govt the Whirlpool Corporation in April.. Packed with metal flechettes fired from an artillery gun most popularly deployed during that conflict as “ the ”! With low-angle airburst techniques … flechette rounds were developed under a contract administered Picatinny..., projectiles, powder, cases, primers and more by 1968 the 152mm rounds available! Check out the video below a close-range anti-personnel round of Infantry, our.. Troops that such a round was dispersed into action in the Vietnam-era M546 APERS-T 105mm artillery shell, known Vietnam. T be finding any practical use for your flechette shells, they left red smears on the USS back! For stable flight United States following Vietnam, with low-angle airburst techniques … flechette for. Filled with thick brush popular in the Vietnam-era M546 APERS-T 105mm artillery shell, to. 'S Advanced combat rifle program of 1989–90 for defence of fire base perimeters against enemy! And methods of launching flechettes vary, from a near horizontally levelled barrel …. Vx, which had to be thickened to deliver a reliable dose aftermath. In the Vietnam-era M546 APERS-T 105mm artillery shell, known to Vietnam vets as “ the ”. Base-Mounted, fuze-ignited ( integral fuze ) expulsion charge at rocket motor burnout the 152mm rounds were developed a... Below ) USSR had the AO-27 rifle as well as the AH-64 Apache and the AH-1 Cobra 12-gauge...

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