On solemnities and feasts, however, it is taken from the proper or the common. 19. 227. Ambrose, De officiis ministrorum 1, 20, 88: PL 16, 50. After the prayer the blessing, May the all-powerful Lord is used, even in private recitation. Daytime prayer is so arranged as to take into account both those who recite only one hour and those who are obliged, or desire, to say all three hours. 60. Augustine, Enarrat. By ancient Christian tradition what distinguishes the liturgy of the hours from other liturgical services is that it consecrates to God the whole cycle of the day and the night. New hymns can be set to traditional melodies of the same rhythm and meter. 111). But difficulties may arise, especially when the psalm is not addressed directly to God. ; 1 Jn 3:22, 5:14ff. The purpose of this volume is to make better known the pastoral, theological, and liturgical introduction known as the General Instruction of the Liturgy of the Hours so that individuals, parishes, and other communities may gain a deeper appreciation of the importance of daily liturgical prayer Author: Congregation For 158. On weekdays when an optional memorial is permitted, for a good reason the office of a saint listed on that day in the Roman Martyrology, or in an approved appendix to it, may be celebrated in the same way as other memorials (see nos. 273. 88 has been followed. 2 General Instruction of the Roman Missal of Trent proposed that it must be believed,8 is proclaimed in the celebration of the Mass, not only by the very words of consecration by which Christ is rendered present through transubstantiation, but also with a sense and a demonstration of the greatest Cyprian, De oratione dominica 35: PL 4, 560. Recognize therefore our own voice in him and his voice in us." Along with frequent attendance at Mass, it should be the heart of our prayer life. 199. The ecclesial community thus exercises a truly maternal function in bringing souls to Christ, not only by charity, good example, and works of penance but also by prayer. 204. and to which biblical scholars rightly attach great importance. The Liturgy of the Hours The Roman Ritual The Roman Pontifical Books approved for use in the Dioceses of the United States of America Revised June 2014 THE ROMAN MISSAL – [RM] GENERAL TEXTS RELATING TO ALL EDITIONS OF THE ROMAN MISSAL (See GIRM, no. Therefore the cycle of readings from Scripture that is provided in the office of readings must not be set aside during the seasons of Advent, Christmas, Lent, and Easter. 188. 98. Public and common prayer by the people of God is rightly considered to be among the primary duties of the Church. All sit to listen to the readings, except the gospel. During the Easter triduum, on days within the octaves of Easter and Christmas, on solemnities and feasts, the psalms are proper, with their proper antiphons. At a sung office, if a melody is not available for the given antiphon, another antiphon should be taken from those in the repertoire, provided it is suitable in terms of nos. 219. Therefore its structure has been revised in such a way as to make each hour once more correspond as nearly as possible to natural time and to take account of the circumstances of life today. 123. Intercessions, Lord's Prayer, and Concluding PrayerThe Prayers or Intercessions at Morning and Evening Prayer, 179. The choice of ways is dictated by the literary genre or length of each psalm, by the language used, whether Latin or the vernacular, and especially by the kind of celebration, whether individual, with a group, or with a congregation. Night prayer begins like the other hours, with the verse, God, come to my assistance, the Glory to the Father, As it was in the beginning, and the Alleluia (omitted in Lent). John Cassian, De institutione coenob. Those not present at the solemn celebration of the Vigil should therefore read at least four of its readings with the chants and prayers. Morning Prayer and Evening PrayerChapter II-III. But besides the praise of God, the Church in the liturgy of the hours expresses the prayers and desires of all the faithful; indeed, it prays to Christ, and through him to the Father, for the salvation of the whole world. The general structure of the liturgy of the hours -- Composition of the liturgy of the hours -- Religious and the liturgy of the hours -- Diocesan and religious propers -- Part V. THE SACRAMENTS. Further, the intentions are phrased as direct addresses to God and thus are suitable for both common celebration and private recitation. The liturgy of the hours is a celebration in praise of God. These are given in the four-week psalter. 1. In the absence of a priest or deacon, the one who presides at the office is only one among equals and does not enter the sanctuary or greet and bless the people. There we read of the disciples gathered together at the third hour. endstream endobj 1030 0 obj <>stream But more is necessary: the faithful must "improve their understanding of the Bible, especially of the psalms,"  according to their individual capacity, so that they may understand how and by what method they can truly pray through the psalms. On the great feasts especially, the choice of psalms is often based on their Christological meaning and antiphons taken from these psalms are frequently used to throw light on this meaning. , 15. On solemnities, the Easter triduum, and days within the octave of Easter, proper antiphons are said with three psalms chosen from the complementary psalmody, unless special psalms are to be used or the celebration falls on a Sunday, when the psalms are those from the Sunday of Week I of the psalter. This is the fitting conclusion endorsed by tradition and it gives to Old Testament prayer a note of praise and a Christological and Trinitarian sense. 266. The responsories following the readings in the office of readings by their very nature and function also call for their being sung. It is desirable that these be the readings from Exodus, Ezekiel, St. Paul, and from the Gospel. In individual recitation there is even greater freedom to pause in meditation on some text that moves the spirit; the office does not on this account lose its public character. . . Download General Instruction of the Liturgy of the Hours book pdf free download link or read online here in PDF. The psalms are not readings or prose prayers, but poems of praise. The four-week cycle of the psalter is coordinated with the liturgical year in such a way that on the First Sunday of Advent, the First Sunday in Ordinary Time, the First Sunday of Lent, and Easter Sunday the cycle is always begun again with Week I (others being omitted when necessary). 129. In addition, a twofold cycle of hymns has been introduced into the office of readings for Ordinary Time, one for use at night and the other for use during the day. Further the conferences of bishops may prepare additional texts adapted to the traditions and culture of their own region,  for inclusion in the optional lectionary as a supplement. 186. There are also circumstances occasionally arising when it is permissible to choose suitable psalms and other texts in the way done for a votive office. Everyone is free to take the second reading either from The Liturgy of the Hours or from the optional lectionary. 70-73 about vigils must be kept in mind. On memorials of the saints they are similarly taken from the current week and day of the psalter, unless there are proper psalms or antiphons (see nos. The Church has been faithful in obeying this instruction; it never ceases to offer prayer and makes this exhortation its own: "Through him (Jesus) let us offer to God an unceasing sacrifice of praise" (Heb 15:15). Clerics and religious, as well as all the people of God, must be trained by suitable catechesis and practice to join together in singing the hours in a spirit of joy, especially on Sundays and holydays. Thus even when a psalm is recited and not sung or is said silently in private, its musical character should govern its use. In the liturgy of the hours there is a longer reading of sacred Scripture and a shorter reading. Readings in Honor of Saints. 128. Such prayer expresses and awakens our expectation of the Lord's Second Coming: "At midnight the cry went up: 'See, the bridegroom is coming, go out to meet him... (Mt 25:6). �UM��))K8 �Ll�x�����K֦*��s����p�'S1�e�����҅L�1�Ҋ��J. At daytime prayer, the hymn of the weekday is used. Chapter IV-III. , 14. The longer readings and the short readings are not of themselves designed for singing. Feasts have no evening prayer I, except those feasts of the Lord that fall on a Sunday. chant or short responsory is provided; this may be omitted. In years with only thirty-three weeks in Ordinary Time, the week immediately following Pentecost is dropped, in order to retain the readings of the last weeks which are eschatological readings. Yet Jewish and Christian tradition does not separate prayer of petition from praise of God; often enough, praise turns somehow to petition. The main consideration is to ensure that the celebration is not too inflexible or elaborate nor concerned merely with formal observance of rules, but that it matches the reality of what is celebrated. In the office for Sundays, solemnities, feasts of the Lord listed in the General Calendar, the weekdays of Lent and Holy Week, the days within the octaves of Easter and Christmas, and the weekdays from 17 to 24 December inclusive, it is never permissible to change the formularies that are proper or adapted to the celebration, such as antiphons, hymns, readings, responsories, prayers, and very often also the psalms. Indeed, the recitation of these hours should be recommended also to individual members of the faithful unable to take part in a celebration in common.  Again, in order to fix our hope on the light that knows no setting, "we pray and make petition for the light to come down on us anew; we implore the coming of Christ who will bring the grace of eternal light." 251. , The bishop represents Christ in an eminent and conspicuous way and is the high priest of his flock; the life in Christ of his faithful people may be said in a sense to derive from him and depend on him. The general intercessions are made in the place and form customary at Mass. R. And give him thanks. Memorials are either obligatory memorials or, when not so classified, optional memorials. At morning prayer between the first and the second psalm a canticle from the Old Testament is inserted, in accordance with custom. When the prayer after communion has been said, the psalmody of the hour begins without introduction. I come, God, to do your will" (Heb 10:9; see Jn 6:38), has left us the lesson of his own prayer. 157. 122. Moreover, it is in keeping with the poetic and musical character of the psalms that they do not necessarily address God but are sung in God's presence. 184. 130. Emphasis should be given to the individual spiritual characteristics of the saints, in a way suited to modern conditions; stress should also be laid on their contribution to the life and spirituality of the Church. 236. 275. 165. Among these solemnities Christmas and Pentecost are preeminent. The following determined the choice of short readings: in accordance with tradition, exclusion of the Gospels; respect for the special character of Sunday, or even of Friday, and of the individual hours; use only of the New Testament for the readings at evening prayer, following as they do a New Testament canticle.\, Chapter III-VII. See also SC art. 240. 230. The Liturgy of From the General Instructions of the Liturgy of the Hours. GENERAL INSTRUCTION OF THE LITURGY OF THE HOURS, Chapter I: Importance of the Liturgy of the Hours or Divine Office in the Life of the ChurchChapter I-I. Bishops and priests in particular should prize these treasures, so that they may hand on to others the word of God they have themselves received and make their teaching "the true nourishment for the people of God." There is also great hope that new ways and expressions of public worship may be found for our own age, as has clearly always happened in the life of the Church. These captions are intended only as an aid to prayer. 58. 56. Ways of Singing the Psalms Chapter III-IV. The reading of the Fathers leads Christians to an understanding also of the liturgical seasons and feasts. General Instruction on the Liturgy of the Hours, EWTN | 5817 Old Leeds Rd. , Hence, not only when those things are read "that are written for our instruction" (Rom 15:4), but also when the Church prays or sings, faith is deepened for those who take part and their minds are lifted up to God, in order to offer him their worship as intelligent beings and to receive his grace more plentifully. 111. 81. This series is interrupted from Ash Wednesday until Pentecost. Thus Ps 119 is divided in keeping with its own internal structure and is spread over twenty-two days during daytime prayer, because tradition has assigned it to the day hours. Combining the Hours With Mass or With Each Other, Chapter III: Different Elements in the Liturgy of the HoursChapter III-I. , We are right in thinking that he took part both in public prayers: in the synagogues, which he entered on the Sabbath "as his custom was;"  in the temple, which he called a house of prayer;  and in the private prayers that for devout Israelites were a daily practice. A quotation from the New Testament or the Fathers of the Church is added to foster prayer in the light of Christ's new revelation; it is an invitation to pray the psalms in their Christological meaning. Finally, one of the antiphons in honor of the Blessed Virgin Mary is said. 148. 124.  He should, then, be the first of all the members of his Church in offering prayer. In addition, when the literary genre of a psalm suggests it, the divisions into strophes are marked in order that, especially when the psalm is sung in the vernacular, the antiphons may be repeated after each strophe; in this case the Glory to the Father need be said only at the end of the psalm. This is for information only and is not for reading aloud. When we speak in prayer to the Father, we do not separate the Son from him and when the Son's Body prays it does not separate itself from its Head. General Instruction of the Liturgy of the Hours GENERAL INSTRUCTION OF THE LITURGY OF THE HOURS . A pertinent responsory also follows the second reading. The Liturgy of the Hours, also known as the Divine Office or the Work of God ... (General Instruction of the Liturgy of the Hours [GILH], no. At the end of the psalm the practice of concluding with the Glory to the Father and As it was in the beginning is retained. "There will be a single day, known to the Lord, not day and night, and at evening there will be light" (Zech 14:7). In the Holy Spirit Christ carries out through the Church "the task of redeeming humanity and giving perfect glory to God,"  not only when the eucharist is celebrated and the sacraments administered but also in other ways and especially when the liturgy of the hours is celebrated. Night prayer is the last prayer of the day, said before retiring, even if that is after midnight. Different psalms may be sung in different ways for a fuller grasp of their spiritual meaning and beauty. This liturgy of the hours or divine office, enriched by readings, is principally a prayer of praise and petition. . 169-172). The Te Deum follows, then the prayer of the day. Chapter III-II. Singing in the Office, Endnotes2 February 1971Chapter I: Importance of the Liturgy of the Hours or Divine Office in the Life of the Church, 1. 102. It can be writter in simple terms and not dif6cult to understand. For the Easter triduum the office is celebrated in the way set forth in the Proper of Seasons. The liturgy of the hours takes on a paschal character from the acclamation, Alleluia that concludes most antiphons (see no. 254. 270. Proper readings are assigned for solemnities and feasts; otherwise the readings are taken from the respective Common of Saints. The liturgy of the hours is thus coordinated with the Mass in such a way that the scriptural readings in the office complement the readings at Mass and so provide a complete view of the history of salvation. 140-155). On solemnities the psalms at evening prayer I are taken from the Laudate Psalms, following an ancient custom. Its application offers the possibility of a rich and pleasing variety. It is recommended also for all, especially those who take part in retreats or pastoral meetings. Graphic Violence ; Graphic Sexual Content ; texts. There are also weekly series for the seasons of Advent, Christmas, Lent, and Easter, In addition there are proper short readings for solemnities, feasts, and some memorials, as well as a one-week series for night prayer. In fact, all the psalms have a musical quality that determines their correct style of delivery. The concluding prayer at morning prayer and evening prayer is taken from the proper on Sundays, on the weekdays of the seasons of Advent, Christmas, Lent, and Easter, and on solemnities, feasts, and memorials. 15. 127. , Celebrated as it is as the light of a new day is dawning, this hour also recalls the resurrection of the Lord Jesus, the true light enlightening all people (see Jn 1:9) and "the sun of justice" (Mal 4:2), "rising from on high" (Lk 1:78). As far as possible, each passage read keeps to a certain unity. 248. Those who pray the psalms in the liturgy of the hours do so not so much in their own name as in the name of the entire Body of Christ. The Easter Vigil is celebrated by the whole Church, in the rites given in the relevant liturgical books. 64. Any memorials of the saints that have proper antiphons retain them (see no. Care must be taken to avoid the kind of silence that would disturb the structure of the office or annoy and weary those taking part. �c^�rxќ��(� ڌ͏8�9h����A_�_���>�]�:����V��+�a�V���y��Dq�7���|�)��������q�M�¡n> �U,�c But prayer should accompany "the reading of sacred Scripture so that there may be a conversation between God and his people: 'we talk with God when we pray, we listen to him when we read God's words." MusSacr no. In the case of a saint with a purely local cult and without special texts even in the local proper, everything is taken from the common. Then a hymn appropriate to the hour is sung. It is clear that each psalm was written in its own individual circumstances, which the titles given for each psalm in the Hebrew psalter are meant to indicate. 171. 125. After the hymn the psalmody follows, in accordance with the rules laid down in nos. The variation of the invitatory antiphon, to suit the different liturgical days, is indicated at its place of occurrence. Calendar and Option to Choose an Office or Part of an Office, Chapter V: Rites for Celebration in CommonChapter V-I. When morning prayer, celebrated in choir or in common, comes immediately before Mass, the whole celebration may begin either with the introductory verse and hymn of morning prayer, especially on weekdays, or with the entrance song, procession, and celebrant's greeting, especially on Sundays and holydays; one of the introductory rites is thus omitted. Participants in the Liturgy of the Hours, Chapter II: Sanctification of the Day: The Different Liturgical HoursChapter II-I. The whole office begins as a rule with an invitatory. 30. Our close union with the Church in heaven is given effective voice "when we all, from every tribe and tongue and people and nation redeemed by Christ's blood (see Rv 5:9) and gathered together into the one Church, glorify the triune God with one hymn of praise." When the Word, proceeding from the Father as the splendor of his glory, came to give us all a share in God's life, "Christ Jesus, High Priest of the new and eternal covenant, taking human nature, introduced into this earthly exile the hymn of praise that is sung throughout all ages in the halls of heaven." 1. When the Church offers praise to God in the liturgy of the hours, it unites itself with that hymn of praise sung throughout all ages in the halls of heaven;  it also receives a foretaste of the song of praise in heaven, described by John in the Book of Revelation, the song sung continually before the throne of God and of the Lamb. Classifications. 161), in preference to the second reading appointed for the day. 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